Open Access Research Article

Speech-Language Pathology Management for Adults with COVID-19 in the Acute Hospital Setting: What Do We Know?

Received: 29 April 2022;  Published: 11 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203036

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to collate and summarize the content covered in published literature describing speech-language pathology management of adult patients with COVID-19 in the acute hospital setting as of February 2022. This review serves as an updated review of the initial recommendations to guide speech-language pathology management for [...]

Open Access Research Article

Assessment of Factors Affecting the Use of Drones in Map Production

Received: 23 May 2022;  Published: 11 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2203029

Abstract

Multi-rotor and fixed-wing drones are extensively used to collect the data needed for producing large-scale topographic maps and plans. Several types of drone products are available, and the most important one for surveyors is an orthophoto. Flight planning, the quality of the control data, the assessment of drone products, and the image processing [...]

Open Access Research Article

Living Well with Illness: Evaluation of a Transdiagnostic Compassion-Focused Therapy Group for Long-Term Health Conditions

Received: 31 May 2022;  Published: 10 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203035

Abstract

This study presents a mixed methods evaluation of a transdiagnostic Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) group intervention, for adults with long-term health conditions (LTHCs). It aims to assess whether group completion was associated with improved outcomes in mood, overall well-being and the extent of LTHC interference in confidence for managing dail [...]

Open Access Review

Dietary Modulation of the Gut Microbiome in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Received: 28 April 2022;  Published: 09 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2203019

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease, is a chronic relapsing-remitting inflammatory state of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. The cause of IBD is multifactorial, encompassing factors of genetics, environment, and the host immune system, initiating a complex interplay of maladaptive host immune respo [...]

Open Access Review

The Beneficial and Adverse Effects of Phytoestrogens

Received: 19 May 2022;  Published: 08 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203034

Abstract

The most well-known phytoestrogens (flavonoids, isoflavonoids, lignans, coumestans, stilbenes, and prenylflavonoids) are isoflavonoids, which are important active ingredients in medicinal and food plants. They are highly abundant in the Fabaceae family. More than 1,000 types of isoflavonoids have been isolated from nearly 300 kinds of plants, and more [...]

Open Access Case Report

A Case Study on the Impact of Transportation of Mass Timber Products on the Cradle-to-Gate LCA Results for an Institutional Building

Received: 21 April 2022;  Published: 05 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2203014

Abstract

Mass timber products (MTPs) are being adopted in new building constructions and remodels in the last three decades, credited to their renewable and low carbon footprint characteristics. However, there are no mass timber manufacturers currently existing in Atlantic Canada. Extended distances of transporting MTPs to this region from other Canadian provinc [...]

Open Access Original Research

Assessing the Ability of Reiki Practitioners to Detect Human Energy Fields

Received: 05 May 2022;  Published: 04 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203033

Abstract

Reiki is a form of energy healing that has gained popularity in the United States, but there remains skepticism about its scientific validity. This study examines the ability of Reiki practitioners (RP) to detect human energy fields (HEF). Volunteer RP were asked to identify the location of a human hand under blinded conditions for a total of 20 trials [...]

Open Access Research Article

Effects of Chemical Stabilisation of Eggshells-Lime and Fly-Ash-Cement on the Structural Strength of Subgrade Soil in Rural Roads

Received: 15 May 2022;  Published: 04 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2203013

Abstract

This study examines the chemical compositions of eggshell powder (ESP) and lime as the soil stabilisers and compared with the compositions of cement and fly-ash to understand the optimal distribution of chemical stabilisers maximising the bearing capacity and structural integrity of subgrade soil. The different proportions of eggshell powder (ESP) [...]

Open Access Editorial

How Do Long Term Oral Pain Killers Enhance Pain and Promote Chronic Pain?

Received: 01 August 2022;  Published: 04 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203032

Abstract

Oral pain medicines are routinely used to treat pain and chronic pain. Recent evidence shows that many of these medicines actually increase chronic pain when used over several weeks. Patients should be encouraged to find alternative pain treatments and avoid oral medicines for pain.

Open Access Review

Clinical Practice Guidelines About Screening for Disruptive Behavior Problems at Well-Child Visits: A Rapid Review of the Literature on the Accuracy of Parents’ Behavioral Concerns

Received: 08 March 2022;  Published: 03 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203031

Abstract

The current recommendations of the Canadian Paediatric Society about monitoring children’s disruptive behaviors at well-child visits call for screening if behavioral concerns are being raised by parents. But do parents’ concerns about their child’s behavior constitute a reliable means for primary care providers (PCPs) to decide either in favor [...]

Open Access Original Research

Incentivizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Transactions: Analysis of Cash-for-Clunkers Transactions for New Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Received: 14 January 2022;  Published: 02 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2203026

Abstract

Monetary incentives to accelerate the transition of private vehicle fleets to zero emissions promote sustainability in the transportation sector. Clean Cars for America to incentivize transactions for new battery power vehicles is a program in furtherance of sustainable transportation goals in the United States. Unfortunately, data on transactions for [...]

Open Access Case Report

Bilateral Corneal Perforation in a Patient with Chronic Ocular Graft-Versus-Host Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review

Received: 17 June 2022;  Published: 02 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2203164

Abstract

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious complication that may occur in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). GVHD occurs because of the immunological reaction between the donor’s T cells and the recipient’s antigens; GVHD may develop in different tissues, including the eye. Corneal perforation is an uncommon [...]

Open Access Review

Newborn Screening for Classic Galactosemia: Biochemical Testings, Challenges, and Future

Received: 04 May 2022;  Published: 02 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2203161

Abstract

Galactosemia is a group of hereditary disorders of galactose metabolism. Newborn screening for galactosemia type I is mandatory in all states in the US since timely intervention can prevent life-threatening sequela. The biochemical basis, clinical presentation, and potential treatment options for different types of galactosemia are described. This revie [...]

Open Access Review

Role of Diet in the Pathogenesis of Colorectal Polyps and Cancer

Received: 24 April 2022;  Published: 01 August 2022;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2203018

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently the third most common cancer within the United States among both males and females, with increasing rates occurring in younger individuals compared to the past. Multiple environmental and social aspects including diet may be contributing to this increase in CRC rates. The aim of this review is to examine foods contai [...]

Open Access Case Report

Patient’s Acting on their Own Care: Medical Hypnosis for Perioperative Management in The Awake Craniotomy. Technical Report and Clinical Cases.

Received: 09 May 2022;  Published: 28 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203030

Abstract

The patient as the custodian of their own care is a concept that has been evolving for several years and can help the patient to a better and quicker recovery. Medical Hypnosis (MH) assist the practitioner to reduce the patient’s pain and disorders and help the patient to understand, accept, and manage their situation. Recently, this technique has [...]

Open Access Review

Polymyalgia Rheumatica, an Age-Related Rheumatic Disease

Received: 07 May 2022;  Published: 27 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2203202

Abstract

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an age-related chronic inflammatory disease with rheumatic features at the fore. In addition to the high-grade systemic inflammation, it is characterized by typical “polymyalgic” musculoskeletal symptoms, including diffuse and severe pain and prolonged morning stiffness of the shoulder girdle, pelvic girdle, and neck [...]

Open Access Editorial

The Role of Cytochrome P450 2J2 in Cancer: Cell Protector, Therapeutic Target, or Prognostic Marker?

Received: 08 July 2022;  Published: 27 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2203163

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 2J2 (CYP2J2) is one of the recently discovered enzymes that is involved in the metabolism of several drugs. It is mainly an extrahepatic enzyme which can, to some extent, explain some the drugs’ side effects such as cyclophosphamide (Cy). Cyclophosphamide is an alkylating agent that is commonly used in conditioning prior to stem cell [...]

Open Access Concept Paper

Induction into Browning’s Strategy: Suggestions for Family Therapy

Received: 11 April 2022;  Published: 25 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2203029

Abstract

The authors attempted to operationalize the clinical work of strategic theorist and expert family therapist, Scott Browning. Strategic therapy takes the position that a client is stuck, not necessarily sick. This focus encourages the clinician to create alternative perspectives such that a client learns to consider a problem from a new lens. Milton [...]

Open Access Original Research

Degradation of Amido Black Dye Using Ultra-Violet Light Catalyzed by Iron Oxide Nanoparticles: Kinetics and Mechanism of Degradation

Received: 26 June 2022;  Published: 25 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2203022

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the degradation of amido black dye in an aqueous solution using ultra-violet (UV) light catalyzed by iron oxide nanoparticles (nano-Fe). The nano-Fe was synthesized by sodium borohydride reduction of ferric chloride solution and was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ra [...]

Open Access Review

Epilepsy in Cerebral Palsy: A Brief Narrative Review

Received: 18 January 2022;  Published: 22 July 2022;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2203129

Abstract

Cerebral palsy is defined as “A group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. The motor disorders of cerebral palsy are often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition [...]

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