Open Access Original Research

Application of Simulation-Based Metrics to Improve the Daylight Performance of a Secondary School, An Approach for Green Building Designers and Architects

Received: 07 January 2024;  Published: 17 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2402012


Visual comfort affects the quality of classrooms as well as student learning. A practice-oriented approach discovers how the gap between academic research and its application in building design can be addressed. Nevertheless, the physical characteristics design of daylighting systems, including window sizes, shapes, dimensions, and materials, are consid [...]

Open Access Editorial

Mechanisms of Laser Acupuncture – Hypotheses and Evidence

Received: 14 May 2024;  Published: 15 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2402027


Laser acupuncture, a rising complementary therapy, applies a low-intensity laser to acupuncture points, yet its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Proposed hypotheses include modulation of cellular signaling, tissue repair, and immune modulation. Laser acupuncture may stimulate energy flow, neurotransmitter release, cellular changes, immune regulatio [...]

Open Access Original Research

A Remarkable Pt Doped CNT Catalyst as a Double Functional Material: Its Application for Hydrogen Production and Supercapacitor

Received: 25 December 2023;  Published: 15 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2402005


In this study, by producing bifunctional material, hydrolysis, and supercapacitor applications were investigated. The carbon nanotube-supported Pt catalyst was prepared using the sodium borohydride (NaBH4) reduction. Surface characterization of the synthesized Pt/CNT catalyst was performed using scanning electron microscopy-energy dıstrıbutıon X [...]

Open Access Original Research

The Effect of the Addition of Titanium Dioxide on Silicone Self-Adhesive Tapes

Received: 29 February 2024;  Published: 13 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2402012


The investigation aimed to delve into the intricate relationship between the presence of titanium dioxide and the resulting alterations in the adhesive's behavior under different conditions. The focus extended beyond mere observation to understand how these additives interact with the adhesive matrix, potentially imparting beneficial attributes. Notabl [...]

Open Access Original Research

Building Blocks for an Energy Transition

Received: 07 December 2023;  Published: 13 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/jept.2402011


The present need for an energy transition in the wake of a global climate catastrophe led to the “EU green deal” which requires a transition of the energy system in all countries. This study aimis survey aims to identify strategies within such an energy transition based on global trend analyses and reports on available technologies for implementatio [...]

Open Access Review

The Impact of Wellbeing Interventions on the Anxiety Levels of Children Attending Low-Income Schools: A Systematic Literature Review

Received: 02 November 2023;  Published: 11 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2402026


This systematic review examined the impact of wellbeing interventions on the anxiety levels of children attending low-income schools. Studies, published between January 2000 and April 2022, were included if they had samples of school aged children attending low-income schools who were given a universal school-based wellbeing intervention. Ten databases [...]

Open Access Short Review

Simiao Powder as an Effective Remedy for Gout

Received: 29 November 2023;  Published: 11 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2402009


Gout is an increasing metabolic disease due to the buildup of uric acid. The buildup of uric acid due to inadequate excretion leads to uric acid crystal formation. Treatment for gout aims to eliminate the uric acid crystal formation so that inflammation decreases. Traditional gout medication is usually allopurinol, but increasing studies have proven [...]

Open Access Review

Advances in Managing Infections in Lung Transplantation: A Review

Received: 21 November 2023;  Published: 10 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2402215


Transplanted lung allografts are particularly susceptible to infection among SOT due to the constant exposure to the environment, aggressive immunosuppressive strategies, and impaired clearance mechanisms after denervation of the transplanted lung. Though prophylactic antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiviral regimens are used as preventive strategies [...]

Open Access Review

Red Algae Compounds: Potential Neuroprotective Agents for Neurodegenerative Disorders

Received: 06 March 2024;  Published: 10 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402223


This review explores the potential of compounds derived from red algae (Rhodophyta) as promising neuroprotective agents for treating neurodegenerative disorders. Red algae, abundant in marine environments, contain bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures and functionalities. Sulfated polysaccharides, primarily agar and carrageenans, stand [...]

Open Access Review

Exploration of Dementia Help Seeking Behaviours Amongst UK South Asian Communities: A Systematic Review

Received: 03 March 2024;  Published: 10 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2402279


In the UK, 25,000 people from ethnic minority background live with dementia. Although dementia associated risk factors are common amongst South Asians, they tend to present at services later and when in crisis. This review explores UK South Asian communities perception of dementia to understand factors impacting their decision to seek help. Search terms [...]

Open Access Opinion

Prevention of Drug Resistant Epilepsy and Developmental Epileptic Encephalopathy: Preventative Vigabatrin Treatment in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex and the Case for Fenfluramine Treatment of Children with Newly Diagnosed Dravet Syndrome

Received: 15 February 2024;  Published: 08 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402234


Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is caused by mutations of hamartin (TSC1) or tuberin (TSC2) resulting in disinhibition of the mTOR pathway of cellular proliferation and differentiation and severe neurocognitive impairment, intractable epilepsy and tumors. Epilepsy develops in ~90% folllowed by drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Recently, prevention of [...]

Open Access Original Research

Frequency of Unplanned Readmissions Following Lung Transplantation During the SAR-COV-2 Pandemic When Hospital Resources Were Strained

Received: 19 October 2023;  Published: 08 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2402214


Despite the concerted efforts by lung transplant recipients (LTR) and their medical teams, hospital readmissions are common in the first year following transplantation. Reasons for unplanned readmissions include allograft rejection, infections, and respiratory failure before the SARS-COV-2 pandemic. Clinical predictors of readmissions have changed over [...]

Open Access Original Research

Estimating Inhaled Nitrogen Dioxide from the Human Biometric Response

Received: 19 December 2023;  Published: 08 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2402011


Breathing clean air is crucial for maintaining good human health. The air we inhale can significantly impact our physical and mental well-being, influenced by parameters such as particulate matter and gases (e.g. carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide). Building on previous research that explored the effects of particulate matter (PM [...]

Open Access Original Research

Determining the Contribution of Physical Activity Constructs in Developing Intention to Exercise among Entrepreneurs

Received: 08 January 2024;  Published: 06 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402222


In the present era, a healthy life is a challenge for everyone. Therefore, diverting individuals' minds towards physical activity and exercise is necessary for the day. This paper proposes to inspect the impact of physical activity on the development of intention to exercise (ITE) among entrepreneurs. The quantitative study collected data from 383 Eg [...]

Open Access Original Research

Mental Health of Teachers during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Daegu, Korea: Challenges in Reopening Schools

Received: 25 February 2024;  Published: 06 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402221


This study conducted an in-depth analysis of the psychological states of teachers during the first outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using data on school mental health projects related to COVID-19 in Daegu from May to June 2020. The participants comprised 811 (34.9%) male and 1,511 (65.1%) female teachers in 1,041 (44.8%) middle and 1 [...]

Open Access Original Research

Enhancing Thermal, Viscoelastic, and Mechanical Properties of Silicone Rubber Matrix through Reinforcements for Use as a Medical Implant

Received: 14 December 2023;  Published: 03 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2402011


The use of silicone rubber as an implant is limited due to its weak properties. In this study, the impact of various reinforcements, such as TiO2 or SiO2 nanoparticles, carbon, or polypropylene fiber micro reinforcements, on the mechanical, thermal, and viscoelastic properties of silicone rubber composites with RTV-4125 matrix was investigated. The [...]

Open Access Original Research

The Impact of Stress on Father Involvement in Early Infancy: Examining Risk and Protective Factors in Residential and Nonresidential Fathers

Received: 24 December 2023;  Published: 30 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2402025


Residential and nonresidential fathers are taking an increasingly greater role in their children’s lives, and father involvement predicts positive child outcomes across development. This study utilized data from a large sample of racially and ethnically diverse fathers of low to middle income (n = 1,112) to test if paternal stress is associated with [...]

Open Access Review

Induced Mutagenesis using Gamma Rays: Biological Features and Applications in Crop Improvement

Received: 24 December 2023;  Published: 29 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402233


Induced mutagenesis has emerged as an essential field of plant breeding to address global food security challenges, offering tools to enhance crop productivity, resistance, and nutritional value. Among the mutation induction tools, the physical mutagen such as gamma rays holds promise for efficient mutation induction. Gamma rays, a type of high-energ [...]

Open Access Review

Salinity Stress in Maize: Consequences, Tolerance Mechanisms, and Management Strategies

Received: 04 December 2023;  Published: 29 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402232


Maize, along with rice and wheat, is a popular staple food crop worldwide, and the most widely produced cereal crop. It is a versatile crop that may be utilized as a source of raw materials for human and animal fodders. Low agricultural yield and rapid population expansion significantly threaten future food security. Maize production is hampered by [...]

Open Access Original Research

Low Mortality Associated with COVID-19 Infection in Lung Transplant Recipients at a Single Center

Received: 15 October 2023;  Published: 28 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2402213


Lung Transplant Recipients (LTR) are particularly vulnerable to severe infection, hospitalization, and death due to community acquired respiratory viruses. As a result, the global SARS-Cov-2 pandemic poses a higher risk to this population. We aim to study the lung function, severity of infection and mortality among LTR at a single center. A retrospectiv [...]

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