Open Access Original Research

Comparative Assessment of Seasonal Variations in the Quality of Surface Water and Its Associated Health Hazards in Gold Mining Areas of Osun State, South-West Nigeria

Received: 30 October 2022;  Published: 23 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301011

Abstract

Industrial and urban development are contributing to an increase in global environmental degradation. Therefore, the release of heavy metals from mining-related operations into surface water is harmful to human health. But as anthropogenic influences on the environment grow, surface water characteristics are also alter, impacting aquatic creatures. [...]

Open Access Original Research

Pd-Ni-B/C Nanocatalysts for Electrochemical Oxidation of Ethanol in Alkaline Media

Received: 06 September 2022;  Published: 19 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2301005

Abstract

This paper describes the synthesis of Pd0.70-Nix-By nanoparticles (x:y = 0.30:0, 0:0.30, 0.25:0.05, 0.20:0.10, 0.15:0.15, and 0.10:0.20) supported on carbon Vulcan XC-72 R by the chemical reduction method using ethylene glycol as a reducing agent for the study of the electrochemical oxidation of ethanol in alkaline media. Neither surfactants nor templat [...]

Open Access Original Research

Fungal Laccase-Mediated Enhancement of the Bioactivity of Green Algae Extracts

Received: 01 December 2022;  Published: 19 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2301004

Abstract

Biomass derived from green marine macroalgae Ulva sp. is considered a rich source of bioactive compounds. In the present study, we demonstrate the increased bioactivity of a phenolic-rich extract derived from green marine macroalgae Ulva intestinalis after its treatment with fungal laccases from Trametes versicolor and Agaricus bisporus. The phenolic [...]

Open Access Original Research

Improving Confidence in Dementia Care by Helping Care Staff Articulate Skills They Already Possess: The Value of the Communication and Interaction Training (CAIT) Programme

Received: 14 August 2022;  Published: 18 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2301222

Abstract

This article discusses the findings from a training programme called ‘Communication and Interaction Training’ (CAIT). CAIT was designed to improve the confidence of carers in their use of communication skills with people living with dementia, particularly when managing behavioural agitation. This pre/post assessment study employed a mixed design [...]

Open Access Review

The Reliability of Willingness-to-Pay Responses in the Contingent Valuation Method: A New Single-Sample Approach

Received: 24 October 2022;  Published: 18 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301009

Abstract

The Contingent Valuation (CV) Method, like other stated preference techniques, seeks to measure economic preferences for public goods. Throughout the development and application of this non-market procedure, the accuracy of the measured preferences has been front-and-centre among practitioners and potential users. The most important issue of debate [...]

Open Access Research Article

Exploring Social Sustainability in the Built Environment

Received: 31 May 2022;  Published: 17 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301010

Abstract

Following the establishment of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, sustainability has been given increasing attention in the agenda of the built environment. Sustainability embraces three key elements, i.e., environment, economy and society. However, the social dimension receives the least attention and is largely overlooked compared [...]

Open Access Research Article

Assessment of Agro Allied Chemical Pollution on Surface Water Quality of River Lamurde and Mayo-Gwoi, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria

Received: 06 November 2022;  Published: 17 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301008

Abstract

Water bodies have been severely degraded in recent years due to the indiscriminate use of agro-allied chemicals. The study assesses the agro-allied chemical pollution on the surface water quality in River Lamurde and Mayo Gwoi. Water samples were collected from twenty-one (21) sample locations along the River Lamurde and Mayo-Gwoi to determine the seaso [...]

Open Access Review

Complementary Medicine and Expressive Arts Therapy: Adjuvant for Recovery Following Neurosurgical Procedures

Received: 12 October 2022;  Published: 17 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2301007

Abstract

Art as a way of healing is primordial in many cultures. Expressive Arts Therapy (ExAT) uses art, music, dance, and writing to help individuals navigate their healing journey. Patient self-expression as a mode of recovery has been observed in patients with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and cancer. Complementary [...]

Open Access Research Article

Urban Policy Response to Radical Innovation in Sustainable Energy: The Case of University Spin-Offs and Local Triple Helix Interaction

Received: 11 July 2022;  Published: 16 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301007

Abstract

This paper pictures several risk-taking strategies of young high-tech firms in bringing energy inventions to market and ways urban policy (municipalities) may provide supporting facilities and help accelerate the energy transition. Derived from a longitudinal study of 100 firms in northwest Europe, two findings contribute to practice. Firstly, a share [...]

Open Access Research Article

Compassionate Mind Training Group Programme: Implementation and Evaluation within an NHS Physical Health & Rehabilitation Psychology Service

Received: 29 July 2022;  Published: 16 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2301006

Abstract

There is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of brief, group-based compassionate mind training (CMT) in reducing shame and self-criticism, and increasing self-compassion. The current evaluation of an 8-week CMT group programme in an NHS Physical Health Psychology Service supports these findings. Based on a cross-diagnostic sample of 25-39 particip [...]

Open Access Original Research

Study of Recycled Spent Coffee Grounds as Aggregates in Cementitious Materials

Received: 29 September 2022;  Published: 16 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2301007

Abstract

Most spent coffee grounds (SCGs), a byproduct of brewing coffee, are buried in landfill sites, and their decomposition produces significant greenhouse gases. As the recent warming of the Earth’s climate has made it imperative that industries reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the present study investigates the viability of recycling SCGs for use as [...]

Open Access Hypothesis

Allostatic Mechanism of Mind-Body Medicine for Neuroinflammation

Received: 13 October 2022;  Published: 12 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2301005

Abstract

Chronic inflammatory diseases are the most significant cause of death in the world and entail severe impairment to quality of life. The World Health Organization (WHO) ranks chronic inflammatory diseases as the greatest threat to human health and wellbeing. Inflammation is epicentral to many clinical conditions and symptoms, and it is anticipated that [...]

Open Access Review

Reuse of Sawdust in Developing Countries in the Light of Sustainable Development Goals

Received: 02 September 2022;  Published: 12 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2301006

Abstract

The several furniture-making phases, from cutting to processing to polishing, produce a significant volume of sawdust of differing grades. The extraction and disposal of such waste in developing countries with no established or sustainable methods is an increasing problem, frequently posing environmental challenges. Sawdust is one of the most underused [...]

Open Access Original Research

Effects of a One-Week Intensive Wellness Camp on Dietary Behaviors among Southwest American Indian Youth

Received: 27 September 2022;  Published: 12 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpn.2301002

Abstract

American Indians (AI) suffer the highest rates of diabetes in the United States (US); a chronic disease that is increasingly prevalent among AI children and is associated with increased risk of cancer. A summer camp was developed to improve disease risk-reducing behaviors, including diet, among AI youth in Arizona. The aim of this study was to examine [...]

Open Access Original Research

Who Believes in Fake News: A Study on the Relationship between Affective Temperament, Cyberchondria and Problematic Use of the Internet during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Received: 02 November 2022;  Published: 12 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2301151

Abstract

The COVID-19 outbreak has been associated with various psychological problems, such as Cyberchondria, constant research for information online, to obtain health-related information. This was associated with problematic social media use and various psychological problems. This study aimed to measure the characteristics of fear and anxiety of COVID-19 [...]

Open Access Research Article

Surface Water Changes and Water Depletion of Lake Hamrin, Eastern Iraq, Using Sentinel-2 Images and Geographic Information Systems

Received: 31 August 2022;  Published: 12 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301006

Abstract

Iraq’s lakes and rivers are currently exposed to drought because of climatic and political conditions. This study uses satellite images and geographic information systems to display the water depletion and the change in the surface water area of Hamrin Lake. Sentinel-2 imagery of 2018 and 2022 was used to analyze the surface water area changes and [...]

Open Access Research Article

Evaluation of Pyrolysis Products of Industrial Wastes as Potential Feedstocks for Bioenergy and Biofuels

Received: 02 November 2022;  Published: 11 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301005

Abstract

This work aimed at evaluating all products from the low-temperature pyrolysis (350°C) of some industrial wastes, cotton stems and seeds (CSS), grape husks and curls (GRH), undigested sewage sludge (USS) and their blends in a fixed bed system and suggesting their possible applications. Solid and liquid products, biochars, and bio-oils were analyzed [...]

Open Access Review

The Relation between Environmental Risk Analysis and the Use of Nanomaterials in the Built Environment Sector: A Circular Economy Perspective

Received: 02 August 2022;  Published: 11 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2301005

Abstract

Nowadays, the challenge of climate change and “ecological transition” is substantially an “energy challenge” for every city, which is supposed to become as “energetically self-sufficient” as possible. The construction sector is one of the main contributors to the effects of climate change, starting from the production of materials to the [...]

Open Access Case Report

Influence of Wetting-Drying Cycles on Wood Behaviour of Coastal Pedestrian Walkways

Received: 30 September 2022;  Published: 11 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2301004

Abstract

In the context of inspection and maintenance actions for beach walkways in the North of Portugal, some samples of wood used in their construction were collected – the Pinus sylvestris wood, widely applied in the country. The sustainability of the beach walkways over natural coastal areas is very dependent on their material durability. One of the main [...]

Open Access Research Article

Sustainable Thermal Insulation Derived from Recycled Textile Waste

Received: 11 September 2022;  Published: 11 January 2023;  doi: 10.21926/aeer.2301004

Abstract

The textile industry is one of the oldest industries and the third most important industry branch in Macedonia. It has had a steady increase in production over the years. Growing production line proportionally generates textile waste. Although it is terminologically categorized as waste, textile waste can be a valuable resource and is one of the textile [...]

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Guest Editors: Ugochukwu N. Ikeogu

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