Table of Content

Open Access Case Report

Chromosome 7 Isodisomy in a Child with Silver-Russell Syndrome

Received: 19 March 2024;  Published: 24 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402247

Abstract

Silver-Rusell syndrome is a rare genetic disease. There is evidence that the genetic causes of the disorder are heterogeneous, with predominant alterations in the imprinted regions of chromosomes 11 and 7, in addition to other genomic alterations, such as chromosomal structural aberrations, single nucleotide polymorphisms, copy number variations, and small insertions and deletions. The most prevalent clinical manifestations include prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, dysmorphic features, and feeding difficul [...]

24 243

Open Access Original Research

Detection of Activated Pepsin in Bronchoalveolar Lavage and Acute Cellular Rejection in Lung Transplant Recipients

Received: 23 February 2024;  Published: 21 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.transplant.2402219

Abstract

Activated pepsin (pepA) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid may be a biomarker of gastric aspiration. We sought to i) evaluate the association of pepA in BAL fluid with acute cellular rejection (ACR) in a cohort of lung transplant recipients (LTRs), ii) assess the association between pepA and isolation of typical gastrointestinal microorganisms from BAL fluid, and iii) explore the accuracy of using pepA concentration as a biomarker of ACR. After IRB approval, we conducted a retrospective observational study analy [...]

50 304

Open Access Case Report

Art of Telesupport of Caregiver during Myasthenia Gravis Crisis by COVID-19 Infection-Related Followed by Rescue in Late-Onset Patient

Received: 06 February 2024;  Published: 21 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2402035

Abstract

An 83-year-old man with myasthenia gravis was hospitalized in the ICU; support for caregivers of elderly myasthenic patients in the ICU can be a crucial aspect of their care. Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that can cause varying levels of muscle weakness, which can significantly impact the patient's day-to-day activities and overall quality of life. This intervention was followed for over one month with success. The critical phases are presented and analyzed as a medical support art [...]

35 214

Open Access Review

Investigating the Genetic Basis of Unexplained Infertility and Potential Chromosomal Abnormalities

Received: 24 March 2024;  Published: 20 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402246

Abstract

Infertility affects millions globally, with 10-15% of couples experiencing unexplained cases. Despite advancements in medicine, the cause remains unknown, causing emotional distress. Recent research suggests a genetic basis for this issue. This review aims to provide a better understanding of the underlying genetic factors contributing to unexplained infertility and potentially identify genetic markers that could aid in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. A literature review was conducted to understand t [...]

35 232

Open Access Original Research

Physico-Chemical Study of the Anti-Diabetic Drug of [BzN-EJJ-amide] for Treatment Type2 Diabetes Using CNT Sensor by Drug Delivery Method

Received: 22 February 2024;  Published: 19 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402245

Abstract

The potential and selective inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) are therapeutically useful in treating type 2 diabetes. N-Benzoyl-L-glutamyl-[4-phosphono(difluoromethyl)]-L-phenylalanine-[4-phosphono(difluoro-methyl)]-L-phenylalanineamide (BzN-EJJ-amide) (BGD) which is the ligand of 1LQF protein code extracted from protein data bank (PDB) is an inhibitor of PTP-1B that indicates selectivity over several protein tyrosine phosphatases. In this research, the interaction between the anti-diabetic drug [...]

35 265

Open Access Original Research

The Effect of Rake Angle and Cutting Edge Radius on the Orthogonal Cutting Process of Ti6Al4V Alloy

Received: 23 February 2024;  Published: 18 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/rpm.2402013

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of rake angle, α, cutting edge radius, r, and feed rate, f, on the cutting force and cutting zone temperature during orthogonal dry cutting of Ti6Al4V. A numerical model representative of the 2D orthogonal cutting process is developed using ABAQUS/Explicit software. Johnson-Cook, (JC) constitutive material model is used to describe material plasticity. JC damage model and energy-based fracture criterion are used to describe damage initiation and evolution. Using Minitab-19 softwar [...]

37 269

Open Access Original Research

Establishment of an In Vitro Propagation, Transformation, and Gene Editing System in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

Received: 12 January 2024;  Published: 18 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402244

Abstract

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), a family of Solanaceae, is an annual crop grown in fields and greenhouses. Tomato is the fourth-largest agricultural crop in the world, with a market value of more than $50 billion. Numerous attempts were conducted on the tomato for further improvement via in vitro regeneration and transformation. This study aims to establish in vitro multiplication, transformation, and gene editing systems in tomatoes by using cotyledon explants. Cotyledon explants were placed on the MS medium suppor [...]

51 337

Open Access Review

The Effectiveness of Using Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Quality of Life, Stress, And Anxiety Among Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review

Received: 28 February 2024;  Published: 16 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402226

Abstract

The progressive muscle relaxation technique (PMRT) is an active method that is defined as a technique through which individuals gradually cause a feeling of quietness and coolness by actively contracting and loosening specific muscle groups. The purpose of this study was to review the effectiveness of using progressive muscle relaxation techniques on quality of life, stress, and anxiety levels among Acute Myocardial Infarction patients. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (2013-2023). Databases of P [...]

115 426

Open Access Original Research

Integrated Web Application (Snips2HLA-HsG) Development for Sample Preparation and Model Creation for HLA Allele Prediction with the SNP Data Using HIBAG Package of Bioconductor and R Programming

Received: 24 December 2023;  Published: 14 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.2402243

Abstract

The present study introduces Snips2HLA-HsG, an integrated application designed for SNP genotype analysis and HLA allele type prediction. Leveraging attribute bagging, a powerful ensemble classifier technique from the Bioconductor HIBAG package, Snips2HLA-HsG offers a comprehensive response for genetic analysis. Accessible via https://snips2hla.shinyapps.io/hla_home/, the application distinguishes itself by prioritizing user-friendliness and integrating all-purpose functionalities, including sample preparation, mode [...]

66 718

Open Access Review

llmenite and Biomass Composite Nanomaterials - A Review

Received: 10 April 2024;  Published: 13 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/cr.2402006

Abstract

Ilmenite is a mineral whose crystallinity can be altered by chemical treatment, producing TiO2 and iron and titanium-based metal nanocomposites, which are applicable mainly for photocatalysis. Porous and crystalline biomass-derived carbon materials include graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide, graphitic carbon nitride, catalytically graphitized sucrose and chitosan, and activated carbon. Ilmenite-based metal oxides coupled with biomass-based carbon materials are effective in environmental remediation, especially [...]

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