OBM Neurobiology is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. By design, the scope of OBM Neurobiology is broad, so as to reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the field of Neurobiology that interfaces biology with the fundamental and clinical neurosciences. As such, OBM Neurobiology embraces rigorous multidisciplinary investigations into the form and function of neurons and glia that make up the nervous system, either individually or in ensemble, in health or disease. OBM Neurobiology welcomes original contributions that employ a combination of molecular, cellular, systems and behavioral approaches to report novel neuroanatomical, neuropharmacological, neurophysiological and neurobehavioral findings related to the following aspects of the nervous system: Signal Transduction and Neurotransmission; Neural Circuits and Systems Neurobiology; Nervous System Development and Aging; Neurobiology of Nervous System Diseases (e.g., Developmental Brain Disorders; Neurodegenerative Disorders).

OBM Neurobiology publishes research articles, technical reports and invited topical reviews. Although the OBM Neurobiology Editorial Board encourages authors to be succinct, there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Authors should present their results in as much detail as possible, as reviewers are encouraged to emphasize scientific rigor and reproducibility.

Indexing: DOAJ-Directory of Open Access Journals.

Archiving: full-text archived in CLOCKSS.

Rapid publication: manuscripts are undertaken in 7.5 days from acceptance to publication (median values for papers published in this journal in the first half of 2020, 1-2 days of FREE language polishing time is also included in this period).

Free Publication in 2020

Open Access Review

Neurostimulation Approaches in the Treatment of Severe Anorexia Nervosa

Amanda Baker
Received: May 04, 2020; Published: August 7, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003069

Abstract: Psychiatry is seeking interventions that could reliably sustain weight gain and psychosomatic recovery of patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). Currently, patients with AN, even after receiving individually-tailored therapeutic interventions, often relapse following marginal weight restoration [...]

Open Access Review

Neonatal Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy: An Updated Preclinical and Clinical Review

Eric A. Armour, Angela M. Curcio, Robert H. Fryer
Received: February 04, 2020; Published: July 28, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003068

Abstract: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a major cause of death and disability in the newborn period. Experimental models have demonstrated that brain injury in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy occurs in two phases: primary energy failure and secondary energy failure. In primary energy failure, there is a [...]

Open Access Case Report

Behavioral Disorders and Celiac Disease: Coincidence or Casualty?

Cristóbal Coronel-Rodríguez, Alejandro Rodríguez-Martínez
Received: May 10, 2020; Published: July 24, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003067

Abstract: This paper presents the case of a child diagnosed with both celiac disease and Asperger’s syndrome. The literature does not report this association to date, and the authors believe it to be a coincidence rather than a casualty.

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of the Celiac Disease in Children

Cristóbal Coronel-Rodríguez, Alejandro Rodríguez-Martínez
Received: May 05, 2020; Published: July 17,2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003066

Abstract: Gluten-related disorders (GRDs) represent a spectrum of diverse clinical manifestations triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The most common and widely recognized diseases within this spectrum are celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. The clinical [...]

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of Celiac Disease and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity and the Effect of a Gluten Free Diet

Jamie Zhen, M. Ines Pinto-Sanchez
Received: May 17, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003065

Abstract: Celiac disease (CeD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten ingestion and affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide. CeD has typically been associated with gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain; however, its extra-intestinal manifestations are becoming wide [...]

Open Access Case Report

Prone Anesthesia for a Super-Super Morbidly Obese Patient Undergoing Neurosurgery: A Case Report

Ian W. Stone, Ashim Gupta, Hugo C. Rodriguez, R. Justin Mistovich, Manu Gupta, Anish G. Potty, Jorge R. Serrato
Received: May 03, 2020; Published: June 24, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002064

Abstract: Obesity is on the rise around the world, carrying along with it a wide range of comorbidities and complications. We report on a super-super morbidly obese 43-year-old female, with a body mass index (BMI) of 77.85 kg/m2 (173cm, 233kg), who presented for a scheduled suboccipital craniectomy with C-1 l [...]

Open Access Review

Synaptic Plasticity and Learning Processes: A Neuroeducation Perspective

Debora Di Jorio
Received: April 14, 2020; Published: June 22, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002063

Abstract: The story of each individual is essentially the story of theirlearning processes and relationships from the moment they were born. Indeed, the story of learning processes is merely a constant stratification of experiences based on biological and neurofunctional features that are influenced by geneti [...]

Open Access Review

Neuroprotective Strategies in Glaucoma - Translation to Clinical Trials

Clarissa E. H. Fang, Li Guo, Daniel Hill, Timothy E. Yap, M. Francesca Cordeiro
Received: April 16, 2020; Published: June 15, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002062

Abstract: Neuroprotection in glaucoma is any medical treatment by which decline in visual function can be slowed or prevented by supporting the health and survival of neural cells, independent of lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP). This is achieved by targeting mechanisms to inhibit or delay retinal gangl [...]

Open Access Research Article

Non-linear Dynamics and Chaotic Trajectories in Brain-Mind Visual Experiences during Dreams, Meditation, and Non-Ordinary Brain Activity States

Tania Re, Giuseppe Vitiello
Received: April 30, 2020; Published: June 11, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002061

Abstract: The present report discusses brain visual experiences in conditions of low degree of openness of the brain toward the environment, for example, while dreaming, during meditation, or in non-ordinary brain activity states such as under the effects of psychoactive substances, in the state of coma, or i [...]

Open Access Original Research

Increased Diurnal Salivary Cortisol and Morning Serum Triglycerides and Decreased Apo A1 Concentrations in Children and Adolescents with Clinical Depression

Ioannis Syros, Panagiota Pervanidou, Charis liapi, Filia Apostolakou, George P Chrousos, Gerasimos Kolaitis
Received: March 01, 2020; Published: June 11, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002060

Abstract: Data available on possible associations of lipids, steroid levels, and depression are conflicting. This study investigated their possible associations in a sample of youth with depression. Ninety-eight youth with depression and individually matched healthy volunteers on the basis of age and sex were [...]

Open Access Original Research

Dynamic Functional Connectivity Fading Analysis and Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal Control Subjects based on Resting-State fMRI Data

Yuan Liang, Yu Zheng, Brighty Renli, David C. Zhu, Fang Yu, Tongtong Li
Received: September 29, 2019; Published: June 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002059

Abstract: In this paper, motivated by the fading effect in wireless communications, where severe channel fading is related to information loss during the transmission, we evaluate and analyze the fading effect in time-varying functional connectivity of AD, MCI and NC subjects based on the resting-state fMRI d [...]

Open Access Review

Insights into Brain Signal Transduction can Provide Potential Molecular Targets to Approach and Manage Alzheimer’s Disease

Vincenza Rita Lo Vasco
Received: October 01, 2019; Published: May 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002058

Abstract: Mechanisms leading to neuronal cell death in human pathology are far from being fully delineated. Understanding the molecules involved in neuronal death and the timing of their recruitment might help to explain the natural history of degenerative processes, including the morphological abnormalities [...]

Open Access Review

Neuroplasticity and Central Sensitization in Orofacial Pain and TMD

Helena M. Minyé
Received: February 06, 2020; Published: May 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002057

Abstract: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions that involve the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, and branches of the trigeminal nerve. TMD is the most common chronic oral facial pain disorder. Pain associated with TMD can be clini [...]

Open Access Review

From Light to Sound: Photoacoustic and Ultrasound Imaging in Fundamental Research of Alzheimer’s Disease

Yuqi Tang, Xuejun Qian, Darrin J. Lee, Qifa Zhou, Junjie Yao
Received: October 24, 2019; Published: April 30, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002056

Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) causes severe cognitive dysfunction and has long been studied for the underlining physiological and pathological mechanisms. Several biomedical imaging modalities have been applied, including MRI, PET, and high-resolution optical microscopy, for research purposes. However, t [...]

Open Access Review

Neurochemical System Involved in Anorexia Nervosa

Walter Milano, Paola Ambrosio, Francesca Carizzone, Anna Capasso
Received: November 19, 2019; Published: April 13, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002055

Abstract: Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder, the etiopathogenesis of which is still not fully understood. Currently, the most accredited model is a multifactorial model, which involves interaction between predisposing factors of biological nature, partly genetically determined, and psychological/pers [...]

Open Access Review

Catatonia Following Cessation of Topiramate in a Patient with Prader-Willi Syndrome: Case Report and Review of Literature

Ryan Sweeney, Alvaro J La Rosa, Nina Sheade, Rachael C. Olson-Marszewski, Ryan Bergren, Edwin Meresh
Received: January 12, 2020; Published: April 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002054

Abstract: Case studies have associated catatonia with withdrawal from benzodiazepines and clozapine, both of which have been shown to increase GABA activity. Long-term use of GABAergic medications could result in GABAA downregulation and sudden discontinuation of the GABAergic drug could lead to a GABA hypoac [...]

Open Access Review

Dopaminergic Activity and Exercise Behavior in Anorexia Nervosa

Sasha Gorrell, Anne G.E. Collins, Daniel Le Grange, Tony T. Yang
Received: December 03, 2019; Published: March 23, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001053

Abstract: Driven exercise (i.e., the tendency to exercise in excess to influence weight/shape or regulate emotion) is difficult to manage in the context of anorexia nervosa, and is associated with poorer treatment outcomes, and psychological and medical severity. Driven exercise is observed in a considerable [...]

Open Access Original Research

The Effects of Subjective and Objective Sleep Monitoring on Sleep Patterns and Attitudes

Sarah Kölling, Annika Hof zum Berge
Received: November 22, 2019; Published: March 11, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001052

Abstract: Self-reports and actigraphy are common methods of sleep monitoring. Portable polysomnography (p-PSG) may serve as a screening tool in natural environments. Common concerns with its use are that sleep and compliance might be affected. Further, dysfunctional beliefs of the subjects may contribute to s [...]

Open Access Review

Neuroscience and its Contribution to Neuroeducation for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Jessica Scher Lisa, Eric Shyman
Received: October 24, 2019; Published: March 02, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001051

Abstract: With an increasing prevalence of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in schools, teachers are in need of different effective ways to educate these individuals who have distinctly different needs and modalities of experience. One area that has been explored is neuroeducation, or using findin [...]

Open Access Original Research

Faster and More Accurate Identification of Male Faces in Female Care Home Residents

C. Lange-Küttner, Donna S. Martinez-Claras
Received: August 21, 2019; Published: February 26, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001050

Abstract: We investigated whether healthy older adults who live in female-dominated old age care homes can identify the gender of male and female faces of people from different ethnicities in the same way as young adults. We hypothesized that this mainly female environment would lead by exposure to a female-g [...]

Open Access Review

Sleep Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia and Therapeutic Approach Options

Kim Lawson
Received: November 05, 2019; Published: January 20, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001049

Abstract: Fibromyalgia, characterised by persistent pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue and cognitive dysfunction, is a central sensitivity syndrome that also involves abnormality in peripheral generators and in the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis. Heterogeneity of clinical expression of fibromyalgia with a [...]

Open Access Review

Psychotropics and Neuroprotection: Literature Review and Case Series Report

Edwin Meresh, David Daniels, Jack H. Owens, David Thompson, Sarah Mennella, Michael Levy, Brenda Swartz
Received: November 10, 2019; Published: January 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2001048

Abstract: Agitation is a common manifestation of acute brain injury. When not addressed, agitation can lead to slower recovery rates, including delayed admission to acute rehabilitation programs. Antipsychotics are commonly used to control agitation in acute brain injury in the ICU. However, there is no curre [...]

Open Access Original Research

Exploring Quality of Sleep, Perceived Stress and Resilience in Cancer Survivorship: A Feasibility Study of Mindfulness in Motion

Maryanna D. Klatt, Emaline Wise, Olivia Gabram, Megan Huber, Lai Wei, Mira Katz
Received: April 02, 2019; Published: December 11, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904047

Abstract: (1) Background: The global principles of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) have led to the creation of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs), which are interventions that retrain the mind to modify its usual stress response to increase coping and resilience. Mindfulness in Motion (MIM) is a [...]

Open Access Review

Alzheimer’s Disease: Is a Dysfunctional Mevalonate Biosynthetic Pathway the Master-Inducer of Deleterious Changes in Cell Physiology?

Arnold De Loof, Liliane Schoofs
Received: October 03, 2019; Published: November 29, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904046

Abstract: The awareness is growing that the proteins amyloid-beta (Aβ) and tau are rather a result of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) than its cause. Similarly, doubt reigns about the degree of causality of high plasma cholesterol/lipids (the fat connection) and of prenylation. An important conceptual addition to [...]

Open Access Research Article

Relationship between Brain Injury and Clinical Biomarkers in Hypoxic-Ischemic Newborn Piglets

Francisco J Alvarez, Antonia A. Alvarez, Hector Lafuente, Daniel Alonso-Alconada, Jose L. Blanco-Bruned, Francisco Santaolalla, Enrique Hilario
Received: June 24, 2019; Published: November 15, 2019; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.1904045

Abstract: (1) Background: Newborn affected by hypoxic-ischemic brain injury can die and the survivors suffer neurodevelopmental handicaps. Biomarkers are needed to identify the severity of hypoxic-ischemic insult in order to early determine the rescue treatment. The aim of this study was to correlate the path [...]

Organization for Human Brain Mapping

June 26th- 30th, 2020, Montreal, Canada

The OHBM Annual Meeting is the place to learn about the latest international research across modalities in human brain mapping. It is an opportunity for you to have one-on-one discussions with experts in the field and connect with your peers from all over the world. At the educational sessions, junior and senior scientists of various backgrounds teach about the most current and ground-breaking developments in the field, including machine learning techniques, high resolution imaging and most recently also open science methods. The meeting is held every June at stunning locations alternating between North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. The 2020 meeting will be held at the beautiful Palais des congress de Montreal.

Important Dates:

  • September 23, 2019 - Abstract and program proposal submission opens
  • October 30, 2019 - Education Proposal deadline
  • December 19, 2019 - Abstract and Symposia submission deadline
  • December 26, 2019 - Abstract review process begins
  • January 2020  - Conference Registration Opens
  • January 21, 2020 - Abstract review deadline
  • Week of February 24th,  2020 - Abstract acceptance / rejection letters sent out

For more details, please visit: https://www.humanbrainmapping.org/m/pages.cfm?pageid=3958

Medical Imaging Convention

March 17th-18th, 2020, Birmingham, United Kingdom

The UK’s dedicated event that offers a comprehensive program on the latest innovations in imaging diagnosis and treatment.

Explore the inspiring features that make the Medical Imaging Convention one of the leading events for medical imaging:

  • A comprehensive CPD accredited seminar programme
  • Interactive masterclasses led by industry-defining organisations
  • Over 200 world-leading exhibitors sharing the future of medical imaging
  • Fantastic networking opportunities with fellow medical imaging professionals and management teams
  • Access to the AI & Machine Learning Convention for the latest technology improving the delivery and efficiency of medical imaging services
  • Theatres dedicated to Breast Screening, CT, MRI, Ultrasound and X-ray

Join over 2000 medical imaging and healthcare professionals at one of the most progressive events in the medical industry.

Be the first to see the full line-up and other exclusive show features by registering for your free ticket here.

For more details, please visit: http://www.imagingconvention.com/

OBM Neurobiology welcomes the following types of articles: original research, review, communication, opinion, case report, comment, conference report, technical note, book review, etc. There is no restriction on the length of the papers, color figures, supplementary file types. More details please see Instructions for Authors.

Register and Submit now.

Highly Accessed Articles


by Daniel Z. Lieberman et al.

OBM Neurobiology 2020

Published: 28 June 2019


by Ekta Kumari et al.

OBM Neurobiology 2020

Published: 13 May 2019


by Paul Loprinzi

OBM Neurobiology 2020

Published: 10 May 2019


by Gina Sizemore et al.

OBM Neurobiology 2020

Published: 31 May 2018

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