OBM Geriatrics

(ISSN 2638-1311)

OBM Geriatrics is an Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. The journal takes the premise that innovative approaches – including gene therapy, cell therapy, and epigenetic modulation – will result in clinical interventions that alter the fundamental pathology and the clinical course of age-related human diseases. We will give strong preference to papers that emphasize an alteration (or a potential alteration) in the fundamental disease course of Alzheimer’s disease, vascular aging diseases, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, skin aging, immune senescence, and other age-related diseases.

Geriatric medicine is now entering a unique point in history, where the focus will no longer be on palliative, ameliorative, or social aspects of care for age-related disease, but will be capable of stopping, preventing, and reversing major disease constellations that have heretofore been entirely resistant to interventions based on “small molecular” pharmacological approaches. With the changing emphasis from genetic to epigenetic understandings of pathology (including telomere biology), with the use of gene delivery systems (including viral delivery systems), and with the use of cell-based therapies (including stem cell therapies), a fatalistic view of age-related disease is no longer a reasonable clinical default nor an appropriate clinical research paradigm.

Precedence will be given to papers describing fundamental interventions, including interventions that affect cell senescence, patterns of gene expression, telomere biology, stem cell biology, and other innovative, 21st century interventions, especially if the focus is on clinical applications, ongoing clinical trials, or animal trials preparatory to phase 1 human clinical trials.

Papers must be clear and concise, but detailed data is strongly encouraged. The journal publishes research articles, reviews, communications and technical notes. There is no restriction on the length of the papers and we encourage scientists to publish their results in as much detail as possible.

Archiving: full-text archived in CLOCKSS.

Rapid publication: manuscripts are undertaken in 8 days from acceptance to publication (median values for papers published in this journal in 2020, 1-2 days of FREE language polishing time is also included in this period). 

Open Access Review

Diagnosis and Therapy of Atrial Fibrillation in Geriatric Patients

Received: 16 January 2021;  Published: 28 July 2021;  doi: obm.geriatr.2103178

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is very common in most old patients who need an adapted therapy due to their comorbidities. Before initiating an antiarrhythmic therapy, possible adverse effects, especially iatrogenic proarrhythmia, and extracardiac side-effects, must be considered. In geriatric pati [...]

Open Access Research Article

Effect of 12 Months of Oral Exercise on the Oral Function of Older Japanese Adults requiring Care

Received: 23 October 2020;  Published: 28 July 2021;  doi: obm.geriatr.2103177

Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to elucidate the relationship between oral exercise and oral function among older adults requiring care in the nursing facilities of Japan. Methodology: The subjects were adults aged 65 year [...]

Open Access Review

Regulation of Membrane Phospholipid Homeostasis in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Received: 21 December 2020;  Published: 21 July 2021;  doi: obm.geriatr.2103176

Abstract

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are a diverse group of neuropathological diseases that are currently incurable due to the irreversible neuronal loss. At the present rate of the world population growth, it is projected that the number of ND cases will double by the year of 2050. With tre [...]

Open Access Case Report

Impact of Osteophytectomy on Swallowing Function in a Patient with Chronic Dysphagia

Received: 01 November 2020;  Published: 07 July 2021;  doi: obm.geriatr.2103175

Abstract

Anterior cervical osteophytes are common in the geriatric population. Dysphagia can occur in individuals suffering from these spinal abnormalities. Surgical intervention is an uncommon course of treatment for these patients, but is often utilized as a last resort with the hope of swallow [...]

Open Access Review

Dysphagia in the Older Age Setting

Received: 25 January 2021;  Published: 02 July 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2103174

Abstract

Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, is a common condition, especially among the elderly population and can become debilitating. As we age, there are subtle changes in esophageal motility, but by no means is dysphagia ever considered to be a normal result of aging. Dysphagia usually pres [...]

Open Access Review

Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women with Breast Cancer

Received: 07 December 2020;  Published: 05 July 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2103173

Abstract

Breast cancer and osteoporosis are both diseases of aging. The "one in eight" lifetime risks of breast cancer occur primarily in the sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth decades of life. One-third of postmenopausal women will experience an osteoporotic fracture. It is the coalesce [...]

Open Access Research Article

The PBAR Protocol: Antipsychotic Medication Reduction in the Nursing Home

Received: 24 November 2020;  Published: 15 June 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102172

Abstract

Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) occur in almost all persons living with dementia. Antipsychotic medications are often prescribed inappropriately for persons living with dementia who experience NPS. Adverse side effects of antipsychotic medications include falls, sedation, cognitive dysfu [...]

Open Access Research Article

Stenting of the esophagus in the course of the malignant dysphagia in elderly patients

Received: 26 October 2020;  Published: 07 June 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102171

Abstract

Esophageal cancer is a disease with difficult clinical management, and palliative therapy is the only predominant treatment. This retrospective study analyses the results of clinical management of elderly patients (>75 years of age) who were treated with esoph [...]

Open Access Review

Deep Brain Stimulation – Therapeutic Possibilities in Alzheimer's Disease

Received: 02 December 2020;  Published: 30 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102170

Abstract

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia worldwide, and represents a significant cause of cognitive decline, disability, and mortality. Ongoing clinical trials continue to investigate β-amyloid targeted therapy with unclear benefit, and we are currently limited to sympto [...]

Open Access Research Article

Promoting Quality of Life in Advanced Dementia Care: Reading Buddies Program as Service-learning

Received: 08 February 2021;  Published: 30 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102169

Abstract

The Reading Buddies Program was developed as a service-learning component of an Occupational Therapy Practice with Older Adults course as a collaboration between Tufts University and the VA Bedford Health Care System. The purpose of this service-learning program was to challenge graduate [...]

Open Access Research Article

Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial Demonstrates Telomerase Activator TA-65 Decreases Immunosenescent CD8+CD28- T Cells in Humans

Received: 27 January 2021;  Published: 29 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102168

Abstract

TA-65 is a small molecule telomerase activator extracted from Astragalus species. A previous observational study suggested that TA-65 decreased the number of immunosenescent cells in healthy subjects. Here we examined the impact of TA-65 in a much larger randomized, double-blind, and pla [...]

Open Access Review

Admiral Nurse Case Management within Enhanced Health in Care Homes

Received: 15 February 2021;  Published: 21 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102167

Abstract

The United Kingdom’s (UK) older population is higher than the global average. Over the next 20 years, England will see an increase in the number of older people who have higher levels of dependency, dementia, and comorbidity many of whom may require 24-hour care. Currently It is estimated that 70% o [...]

Open Access Review

The Role of Fatigue in the Aging Swallow: A Review

Received: 29 October 2020;  Published: 15 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102166

Abstract

Fatigue is a term commonly used to describe patient performance and/or subjective experience in the evaluation and management of swallowing disorders (known as dysphagia). There is an association between fatigue and aging, as well as fatigue and many dysphagia-causing diseases/disorders. Therefore, [...]

Open Access Research Article

Translation and Validation of “Brief Bedside Dysphagia Screening Test” in a Greek Sample of Neurological Patients

Received: 09 October 2020;  Published: 02 April 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2102165

Abstract

Background. Dysphagia may be a threatening condition if not diagnosed and treated early. Healthcare professionals need simple, quick and reliable tools for their daily clinical practice to be able to evaluate it immediately. The purpose of the present study was the translation and validation of t [...]

Open Access Original Research

Molecular Basis of Allogeneic Pluripotent Stem Cell Treatment of a Patient with Sporadic ALS

Received: 21 August 2020;  Published: 29 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101164

Abstract

There are no curative strategies for ALS, and as a result the alternative therapies are gaining ground, in particular the stem cell-based therapies which hold a promising future. Here we describe an ALS patient, who by choice, received allogeneic human cord-blood derived multipotent stem cells (MSC) [...]

Open Access Original Research

Routines and Structure in the Assessment of Visuospatial Neglect in Rehabilitation Facilities: Current Practice in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom

Received: 07 December 2020;  Published: 19 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101163

Abstract

Visuospatial neglect (VSN) adversely impacts both the length of rehabilitation and activities of daily living (ADL) of patients after stroke and can reduce their participation in community activities. Therefore, it is important to assess VSN after stroke in neurorehabilitation facilities. The proces [...]

Open Access Perspective

Research Recommendations to Address Dementia Workforce Development Needs

Received: 12 November 2020;  Published: 16 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101162

Abstract

This policy paper presents workforce development recommendations for research, clinical care and public stakeholders as they plan future research activities to strengthen the workforce to support the healthcare and social needs of persons living with dementia and their families and caregivers. To cr [...]

Open Access Review

Pharmacological Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Older Adults

Received: 11 February 2021;  Published: 16 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101161

Abstract

Pharmacological management of intracerebral hemorrhage in adult patients over 65 years of age requires special considerations due to differing clinical presentations, underlying organ dysfunction, and more complex medical histories and medication profiles. A literature review of articles focusing on [...]

Open Access Research Article

Spousal Dementia Grief: A Research Report from the Two-Track Model of Dementia Grief Project

Received: 07 September 2020;  Published: 12 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101160

Abstract

Caregiving for a loved one suffering from cognitive decline involves coping with many challenges and losses. This experience increases the risk of worsening the physical and mental health of the caregiver and has been the subject of a substantial number of studies focusing on the stress and burden o [...]

Open Access Research Article

Acute Care Decision-Making for Patients with Advanced Dementia: An Exploratory Study Using Cognitive Task Analysis

Received: 11 November 2020;  Published: 01 March 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101159

Abstract

Decision-making by medical and health care staff forms the core of professional practice. Thought processes, including non-clinical considerations, significantly impact how clinical decisions are made. Such considerations become more relevant when addressing end-of-life care decisions for patients w [...]

Open Access Original Research

A Preliminary Investigation of Relationships among Pharyngeal Acidity, Dysphagia, and Pneumonia in Acute Stroke

Received: 29 October 2020;  Published: 22 February 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101158

Abstract

Individuals with acute stroke on nonoral feeding regimens frequently develop pneumonia, questioning the long-held belief that pneumonia in stroke patients is a caused by food and liquid aspiration alone. Refluxate and colonized oral secretions are thought to contribute to an acidic oropharyngeal env [...]

Open Access Case Report

Dysphagia Aortica: A Case Report and Review of Treatment Options

Received: 29 October 2020;  Published: 05 February 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101157

Abstract

A 64-year-old, cachectic man with body mass index (BMI) <19 visited in clinic with the chief complaint of dysphagia for 6 months. He reported a 2-year history of reflux and heartburn, for which he has been taking pantoprazole but reported only 40% relief of reflux symptoms. He reported progressiv [...]

Open Access Review

Telomerase and Cancer: A Complex Relationship

Received: 26 October 2020;  Published: 03 February 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101156

Abstract

Telomere elongation is protective of genomic stability, whereas telomere shortening increases genomic instability and thereby increases cancer risk. Long telomeres lower the risk of clinical cancer, while short telomeres are part of a causal cascade of intracellular events that result in oncogenesis [...]

Open Access Opinion

Yoga: A Potential Adjunct Therapy to Current Rehabilitation Pathways in Cardiac Conditions and Stroke

Received: 06 August 2020;  Published: 28 January 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101155

Abstract

Yoga is a form of movement-based mindfulness practice that enhances the mind-body connection to benefit overall health and well-being. Although the practices of yoga are ancient traditions in the Buddhist and Hindu philosophies, scientific research regarding the impacts of yoga among people with poo [...]

Open Access Review

Dysphagia in Inclusion Body Myositis, A Disease of the Elderly

Received: 11 November 2020;  Published: 21 January 2021;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2101154

Abstract

Inclusion body myositis is one of the most common acquired myopathies seen in the aging population. The muscle weakness is of insidious onset, frequently starting in the legs, but over time gradually progresses to eventually involve all skeletal muscles of the limbs, face, swallowing and respiratory [...]

13th Clinical Trials on Alzheimer's Disease (CTAD)

November 4-7, 2020, Boston, USA

The development of the next generation of Alzheimer’s disease treatments is among the most important health needs worldwide, but presents huge challenges. The goal of the meeting is to bring together today’s worldwide leaders in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease to discuss new results, candidate therapeutics, and methodological issues important to the development of the next generation of Alzheimer’s disease treatments.

Clinical trial teams from worldwide centers will report on their efforts to identify new biomarkers of disease as well as more sensitive clinical assessment tools to identify those at risk for AD, to predict progression, and assess the effectiveness of new treatments.

For more details, please visit: https://www.ctad-alzheimer.com/ctad-2020

Alzheimer's Association International Conference®

July 26-30, 2020, Amsterdam, Netherlands

AAIC 2020 will bring together international investigators, clinicians and care researchers to discuss the latest studies, theories and discoveries that will help bring the world closer to breakthroughs in dementia science.

For more details, please visit: https://www.alz.org/aaic/overview.asp

Integrative Regen Group

February 29- March 2, 2020, Arizona Biltmore Resort, USA

Who: Providers of all disciplines who are passionate about or interested in regenerative medicine are encouraged to attend this event. The agenda will be packed full of actionable topics that most attendees will be able to put into effect immediately to continue to provide their patients with the most cutting-edge therapies.

What: Integrative Regen Group’s second conference will be bringing together experts in all areas of regenerative medicine, from stem cells to photobiomodulation, peptides to hormones, and everything in between. It is our goal that every person in attendance increase their knowledge base substantially.

For more details, please visit: https://www.intregengroup.com/

The 2nd Longevity Therapeutics

January 28-30, 2020, San Francisco CA, USA

With rapid advances in the understanding of the underlying biology and mechanisms of aging, ground-breaking research and technology are coming together to target aging pathways, in a way to prevent, reverse or delay the onset of age-related conditions, and consequently improve heathspan.

The 2nd Longevity Therapeutics 2020 Summit will once again bring together 80+ leading experts in aging-related research, including biotechs, pharma, academics and investors, who are committed to serving worldwide population with innovative drugs to prevent, delay and treat age-related conditions.

For more details, please visit: https://longevity-therapeutics.com/

OBM Geriatrics welcomes the following types of articles: original research, review, communication, opinion, case report, comment, conference report, technical note, book review, etc. There is no restriction on the length of the papers, color figures, supplementary file types. More details please see Instructions for Authors.

Register and Submit now.

Newsletter
Highlight

Highlight

by Michael Fossel

OBM Geriatrics 2021

Published: 15 January 2020

Highlight from: A unified model of dementias and age‐related neurodegeneration.

Michael Fossel.

Alzheimer’s & Dementia.

doi: 10.1002/alz.12012.

Highly Accessed Articles

Case Report

by Garuth Chalfont et al.

OBM Geriatrics 2021

Published: 07 August 2019

Perspective

by Robert Conder et al.

OBM Geriatrics 2021

Published: 20 March 2019

Review

by Michael Fossel

OBM Geriatrics 2021

Published: 15 February 2019

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