Table of Content

Open Access Original Research

Bone Mineral Density in Male Hospital Physicians over the Age of 65 Years

Noa Sylvetsky, Chen Futeran Shahar, Meir Frankel, Gabriel Munter
Received: April 01, 2020; Published: July 02, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003126

Abstract: Hospitalists are at risk for vitamin D deficiency during their active years due to indoor working conditions and insufficient sunlight exposure. The impairment of bone mineral density (BMD) in this group has not been studied. A total of 50 male hospitalists aged ≥ 65 years were enrolled. Their BMD w [...]

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Open Access Original Research

The Effect of Live Bedside Music on Pain in Elderly Surgical Patients. A Unique Collaboration

Hanneke van der Wal- Huisman, Henk Groen, Erik Heineman, Barbara L. van Leeuwen
Received: April 08, 2020; Published: July 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2003125

Abstract: Postoperative pain has a negative influence on physical and mental recovery and may result in a variety of postoperative complications. Listening to recorded music has been revealed to reduce pain, but in addition to that, live bedside music further offers the possibility to interact with the patien [...]

7 53

Open Access Original Research

On the Face of It: Social Heuristics Are Mediated by Age and Sex, But Not by Faciometrics

Julia M. Robertson, Barbara E. Kingsley
Received: February 16, 2020; Published: June 23, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002124

Abstract: The ability to situate individuals within social categories provides an important social function, allowing people to navigate problems of survival and reproduction within highly complex social structures. This categorization of people with apparently shared characteristics is facilitated by various [...]

6 90

Open Access Review

Bone Health in the Elderly with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus–A Systematic Review

Zheer Al-Mashhadi, Rikke Viggers, Rasmus Fuglsang-Nielsen, Bente Langdahl, Peter Vestergaard, Søren Gregersen, Jakob Starup-Linde
Received: April 02, 2020; Published: June 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002123

Abstract: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and osteoporosis are two major public health concerns worldwide, contributing to morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Aging is one of the most significant risk factors for low bone mass, bone fragility, and fractures. Among the several comorbidities that affect the [...]

16 144

Open Access Research Article

Post-Mortem Comparison of the Incidence and the Distribution of Cerebrovascular Lesions Using Additional 7.0-Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Cognitive Normal Young, Middle-Aged, and Elderly Persons

Jacques De Reuck, Florent Auger, Nicolas Durieux, Claude-Alain Maurage, Vincent Deramecourt, Charlotte Cordonnier, Florence Pasquier, Didier Leys, Regis Bordet
Received: April 06, 2020; Published: June 04, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002122

Abstract: Regional brain atrophy and an escalation in vascular risk are associated to increasing age in normal cognitive healthy persons. The present post-mortem study compares the incidence of cerebrovascular lesions between young-aged, middle-aged, and elderly cognitive normal persons with additional 7.0-te [...]

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Open Access Review

Intermittent Fasting and Brain Health: Efficacy and Potential Mechanisms of Action

Nikita Francis
Received: March 15, 2020; Published: June 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002121

Abstract: Despite continuous efforts to combat neurodegenerative diseases, researchers have been unable to find an intervention that reverses degeneration and/or improves cognition in dementia or healthy aging. Therefore, it is considerably important to identify lifestyle factors that could potentially aid in [...]

26 238

Open Access Research Article

Association between Very Low Dietary Protein Intake and Subsequent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the United States

Marika Haritos Paul, Mary Beth Arensberg, Judy R. Simon, Satya S. Jonnalagadda, Suzette L. Pereira, Jamie S. Partridge, Joseph A. Rosenthal
Received: April 10, 2020; Published: May 22, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002120

Abstract: Poor nutrition is linked to frailty and both poor nutrition and frailty are recognized risk factors for falls. This study examined the association between dietary protein intake and subsequent reported falls in community-dwelling older Americans with a history of falls. Other nutritional, functional [...]

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Open Access Research Article

Adoption of a Patient-Tailored Fall Prevention Program in Academic Health Systems: A Qualitative Study of Barriers and Facilitators

Eileen J. Carter, Srijesa Khasnabish, Jason S. Adelman, Michael Bogaisky, Mary Ellen Lindros, Lois Alfieri, Maureen Scanlan, Ann Hurley, Megan Duckworth, Alexandra Shelley, Kenrick Cato, Shao P Yu, Dianne L Carroll, Emily Jackson, Stuart Lipsitz, David W Bates, Patricia C. Dykes
Received: March 23, 2020; Published: May 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002119

Abstract: Falls represent a persistent and costly patient safety issue. Fall TIPS (Tailored Interventions for Patient Safety) is a patient-centered and clinical decision-supported, fall prevention program that has led to fewer falls and related injuries among hospitalized patients. We aimed to identify domina [...]

28 318

Open Access Research Article

Towards Positive Aging: Links between Forgiveness and Health

Noah J. Webster, Kristine J. Ajrouch, Toni C. Antonucci
Received: December 05, 2018; Published: May 12, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002118

Abstract: Forgiveness may serve as an essential positive resource to help individuals cope emotionally with stressful events, ultimately influencing health. Examination of how individuals forgive within the context of close relationships can provide useful information about positive aging. In this study, we e [...]

26 237

Open Access Review

Glial Alterations in Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease: A Novel Basis to Understand, Prevent and Treat the Degenerative Process

Adolfo Toledano-Díaz, Ma Isabel Álvarez, Adolfo Toledano
Received: December 18, 2019; Published: May 09, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.geriatr.2002117

Abstract: Neurons, from the time of their birth until their death, are always accompanied by neuroglial cells, maintaining very close morphological and functional relationships among themselves. Classically three main neuroglial families have been considered within the central nervous system (CNS): astroglia, [...]

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