OBM Neurobiology is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal published quarterly online by LIDSEN Publishing Inc. By design, the scope of OBM Neurobiology is broad, so as to reflect the multidisciplinary nature of the field of Neurobiology that interfaces biology with the fundamental and clinical neurosciences. As such, OBM Neurobiology embraces rigorous multidisciplinary investigations into the form and function of neurons and glia that make up the nervous system, either individually or in ensemble, in health or disease. OBM Neurobiology welcomes original contributions that employ a combination of molecular, cellular, systems and behavioral approaches to report novel neuroanatomical, neuropharmacological, neurophysiological and neurobehavioral findings related to the following aspects of the nervous system: Signal Transduction and Neurotransmission; Neural Circuits and Systems Neurobiology; Nervous System Development and Aging; Neurobiology of Nervous System Diseases (e.g., Developmental Brain Disorders; Neurodegenerative Disorders).

OBM Neurobiology  publishes a variety of article types (Original Research, Review, Communication, Opinion, Comment, Conference Report, Technical Note, Book Review, etc.). Although the OBM Neurobiology Editorial Board encourages authors to be succinct, there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Authors should present their results in as much detail as possible, as reviewers are encouraged to emphasize scientific rigor and reproducibility.

Publication Speed (median values for papers published in 2023): Submission to First Decision: 7.5 weeks; Submission to Acceptance: 15.9 weeks; Acceptance to Publication: 7 days (1-2 days of FREE language polishing included)

Open Access Review

The Effectiveness of Using Progressive Muscle Relaxation Techniques on Quality of Life, Stress, And Anxiety Among Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review

Received: 28 February 2024;  Published: 16 June 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402226

Abstract

The progressive muscle relaxation technique (PMRT) is an active method that is defined as a technique through which individuals gradually cause a feeling of quietness and coolness by actively contracting and loosening specific muscle groups. The purpose of this study was to review the effectiveness of using progressive muscle relaxation techniques on [...]

Open Access Review

Enhancing University Students’ Mental Health under Artificial Intelligence: Principles of Behaviour Therapy

Received: 13 March 2024;  Published: 24 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402225

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of mental health issues among university students has become a growing concern globally. This review explores the potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) integrated with principles of behaviour therapy to address mental health challenges among university students. The paper examines how AI technologies, including chatbots [...]

Open Access Original Research

Assessing the Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) in a Korean Preschool Teacher Sample

Received: 07 March 2024;  Published: 21 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402224

Abstract

Preschool teachers are at high risk of depression. Therefore, emphasis should be placed on evaluating a valid and reliable instrument to measure depressive symptomatology for this population. One such promising instrument is the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), a 21-item self-report measure designed to assess the presence and severity of depression [...]

Open Access Review

Red Algae Compounds: Potential Neuroprotective Agents for Neurodegenerative Disorders

Received: 06 March 2024;  Published: 10 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402223

Abstract

This review explores the potential of compounds derived from red algae (Rhodophyta) as promising neuroprotective agents for treating neurodegenerative disorders. Red algae, abundant in marine environments, contain bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures and functionalities. Sulfated polysaccharides, primarily agar and carrageenans, stand [...]

Open Access Original Research

Determining the Contribution of Physical Activity Constructs in Developing Intention to Exercise among Entrepreneurs

Received: 08 January 2024;  Published: 06 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402222

Abstract

In the present era, a healthy life is a challenge for everyone. Therefore, diverting individuals' minds towards physical activity and exercise is necessary for the day. This paper proposes to inspect the impact of physical activity on the development of intention to exercise (ITE) among entrepreneurs. The quantitative study collected data from 383 Eg [...]

Open Access Original Research

Mental Health of Teachers during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Daegu, Korea: Challenges in Reopening Schools

Received: 25 February 2024;  Published: 06 May 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402221

Abstract

This study conducted an in-depth analysis of the psychological states of teachers during the first outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using data on school mental health projects related to COVID-19 in Daegu from May to June 2020. The participants comprised 811 (34.9%) male and 1,511 (65.1%) female teachers in 1,041 (44.8%) middle and 1 [...]

Open Access Original Research

Understanding Mental Health Needs and Predictors of Anxiety in Emirati Female Students in Higher Education

Received: 09 November 2023;  Published: 28 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402220

Abstract

The prevalence rates of depression, anxiety, and stress range between 5% to 70% globally. Many students experience these mental health conditions as they go through transitional periods in life, such as starting higher education. This study aimed to explore mental health concerns, specifically depression, anxiety, stress, and quality of sleep, in Emirat [...]

Open Access Original Research

The Impact of Physical Activity on Brain Neuroplasticity, Cognitive Functions and Motor Skills

Received: 20 December 2023;  Published: 25 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402219

Abstract

The research aims to study the mechanisms and factors contributing to brain neuroplasticity. To achieve this goal, the following methods were used: analysis and synthesis, hermeneutic method, psychological testing, and comparative and generalization methods. The research results revealed the nature of the concept of brain neuroplasticity and types of [...]

Open Access Original Research

Oleuropein can Protect the Brain Against Deleterious Effects of Bile Duct Ligation in Male Mice

Received: 26 December 2023;  Published: 23 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402218

Abstract

Oleuropein (OP) is a phenolic compound in olives. OP possesses potent antioxidant activity and an extensive spectrum of other pharmacological properties, including antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities. This study investigated the effects of OP on neural injuries caused by bile duct ligation (BDL) in male mice. The mice were randoml [...]

Open Access Original Research

Compassionate Love for a Romantic Partner among Brazilian College Students

Received: 08 February 2024;  Published: 12 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402217

Abstract

Compassionate love (CL) is a recent subject of close relationships. CL is focused on enlarging beneficence to another. The present study approaches the test of the psychometric characteristics of the shortened form of the Compassionate Love Scale for a partner (CLS-P-SF) for Brazilian college students and its relationships with background and well-being [...]

Open Access Original Research

Attitudes and Motivations Towards Implantation of Intention Towards Exercise among Entrepreneurs: A Brain Freshness Activity

Received: 19 October 2023;  Published: 10 April 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2402216

Abstract

In the contemporary landscape, developing individuals' attitudes, motivations, and intentions toward exercise and physical activities emerges as an imperative cornerstone for fostering a healthy and thriving lifestyle. The present study examines the effect of the theory of the planned behavior (TPB) constructs on exercise motivation (MT) and intention [...]

Open Access Short Review

Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction and Virtual Reality for Cognitive Rehabilitation in Cardiac Surgery Patients: A Short Review

Received: 02 November 2023;  Published: 19 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401215

Abstract

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has been observed as a complication after cardiac surgery consistently. The ineffectiveness of current treatments for POCD is causing a search for non-invasive alternatives. The present review aims to consolidate the current understanding of how VR methods effectively facilitate the recovery of cognitive functi [...]

Open Access Case Report

Management of Posttraumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak with Secondary Diffuse Pneumocephalus Complicated by Meningitis and Communicating Hydrocephalus – Illustrative Case Report

Received: 10 January 2024;  Published: 13 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401214

Abstract

Rhinorrhea is a possible complication after different types of traumatic brain injury or neurosurgical procedures, such as skull base operations. Pneumocephalus is a rarely noted complication after severe traumatic brain injury, and it may be accompanied by meningitis and ventriculitis, especially when treatment has been delayed. Treatment of these [...]

Open Access Correction

Correction: Tse et al. How COVID-19 Ceases All Older Adult Services & the Way Out for Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Chronic Pain. OBM Neurobiology 2023; 7: 183

Received: 11 March 2024;  Published: 12 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401213

Abstract

CorrectionCorrection: Tse et al. How COVID-19 Ceases All Older Adult Services & the Way Out for Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Chronic Pain. OBM Neurobiology 2023; 7: 183Mimi Mun Yee Tse 1, *, Shamay Sheung Mei Ng 2, Vivian Lou 3, Raymond SK Lo 4, Daphne Sze Ki Cheung 5, Paul H Lee 6, Shuk Kwan Tang 7, Siu Hang Leung 1, Percy Poo-See Tse 1* [...]

Open Access Original Research

Resilience in Adversity: COVID-19 Pandemic Challenges in Diminishing Entrepreneurial Intentions and Business Startups

Received: 13 November 2023;  Published: 11 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401212

Abstract

In this study, the researchers explore the effects of COVID-19-related challenges, such as fear and anxiety about COVID-19, the uncertainty of COVID-19, and the recognition of business opportunities for entrepreneurial intentions and business startups. This study used quantitative methods and based their findings on 278 usable samples collected from [...]

Open Access Review

The Role of Cognition in Balance Control

Received: 14 September 2023;  Published: 17 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401211

Abstract

Balance is the ability to move and/or preserve a particular position while not falling under external force. Human balance is a complex process of integration and coordination of the sensory, motor, and biomechanical components, which is influenced by intrinsic and exogenous factors. One inherent factor that is hypothesized to have an impact on balance [...]

Open Access Editorial

Pain and Neurobiology

Received: 01 February 2024;  Published: 02 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401210

Abstract

Neurobiology is an expansive field of studies encompassing the nervous system's anatomical and physiological aspects [1]. This complex framework's deep study and understanding have facilitated a more intricate comprehension of the interconnections among various nervous system components implicated in pain perception, transmission, modulation, and adapta [...]

Open Access Review

The Association between Uric Acid Level and Ischemic Stroke

Received: 11 July 2023;  Published: 16 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401209

Abstract

Stroke is the second and third leading cause of death and disability, respectively, all over the world. It seriously affects patients' lives and brings huge burdens to their families. Ischemic stroke accounts for most of the stroke cases. In the absence of any effective treatment, prevention measures through controlling the risk factors for ischemic [...]

Open Access Review

Scope of Nanomaterials in Treating Neurological Disorders

Received: 08 November 2023;  Published: 11 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401208

Abstract

In the last decade, development in nanotechnology has been used intensively. By studying nanotechnology and nanomaterials, we can generate excellent responses in healthcare related to neurological disorders. It also includes easy diagnosis of diseases in their early stages, delivery of genes, and many more. Neurological disorders are one of the most [...]

Open Access Original Research

Neuroprotective Effects and Cognitive Enhancement of Allomargaritarine in 5xFAD Alzheimer's Disease Mice Model

Received: 23 August 2023;  Published: 09 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401207

Abstract

Here, we report the results of an investigation of the neuroprotective effects of securinine with tryptamine conjugate-allomargaritarine (2b), previously selected as the leading compound among a wide range of natural derivatives. 2b was synthesized from securinine using various Lewis acids as catalysts. In addition to the antioxidant and cytoprotective [...]

Open Access Original Research

Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) in Neurology for Web 3.0 and mHealth: A Conceptual Framework

Received: 02 June 2023;  Published: 09 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401206

Abstract

According to 2019 WHO data, neurological conditions contribute to 1503.39 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population. Approximately 57% of office-based physicians use EHR systems and the natural place to incorporate standardized ePRO is into EHR. However, implementing patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for neurological conditions is [...]

Open Access Original Research

The Impact of Psychological Stress on Personal Income, Physical Health and Entrepreneurial Intentions among Entrepreneurs

Received: 19 September 2023;  Published: 04 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401205

Abstract

Entrepreneurial intention plays a pivotal role within entrepreneurship ecosystems, acting as a catalyst for economic growth and innovation by inspiring individuals to embrace entrepreneurship as a viable career pursuit. The present research delves into the intricate dynamics between stress, entrepreneurial intention, personal income, and physical health [...]

Open Access Editorial

Acknowledgement to Reviewers of OBM Neurobiology in 2023

Received: 03 January 2024;  Published: 04 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401204

Abstract

The editors of OBM Neurobiology would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2023. We greatly appreciate the contribution of expert reviewers, which is crucial to the journal’s editorial process. We aim to recognize reviewer contributions through several mechanisms, of which the annual publicati [...]

Open Access Original Research

Interactive Technology to Help People with Multiple Disabilities Practice Relevant Physical Responses within an Occupational Task

Received: 09 October 2023;  Published: 02 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2401203

Abstract

This study adapted a new interactive technology system to help six participants with intellectual disability and visual and motor impairments to exercise relevant physical responses as part of an occupational task. The task was to place objects into different containers from a sitting position. The responses, which changed across sessions, consisted [...]

Open Access Concept Paper

An Overview of Recent Technology-Aided Intervention Strategies to Help People with Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities Meet Relevant Rehabilitation Goals

Received: 09 September 2023;  Published: 15 December 2023;  doi: 10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2304202

Abstract

The paper presents an overview of recent studies assessing technology-aided strategies aimed at helping people with intellectual and multiple disabilities reach relevant rehabilitation goals. The 16 studies included in the paper addressed four specific rehabilitation goals, that is, (a) performance of functional activities, (b) access to leisure and [...]

OBM Neurobiology welcomes the following types of articles: original research, review, communication, opinion, case report, comment, conference report, technical note, book review, etc. There is no restriction on the length of the papers, color figures, supplementary file types. More details please see Instructions for Authors.

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