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Current Advancement of Islet Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Submission Deadline: September 30, 2018 (Open)
Kenneth L. Brayman, MD, PhD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, Medicine, and Biomedical Engineering, Director of Kidney, Pancreas and Islet Transplant Programs, Director of Center for Cellular Therapy and Biologic Theraputics. Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, 1215 Lee Street, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
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Research Interests: transplant immunosuppression, chronic allograft nephropathy, solid organ transplantation in patients with HIV, islet cell transplantation, transplantation tolerance, gene therapy and xenotransplantation
About This Topic
OBM Transplantation is an international peer-reviewed Open Access journal, which covers all evidence-based scientific studies related to transplantation. This is seeking original manuscripts for a Special Issue on cell-based therapy for diabetes: “Current Advancement of Islet Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Diabetes mellitus” scheduled to appear in the first half of 2018.
Islet transplantation and pancreas transplantation have been becoming promising therapies for diabetes, which can restore normal blood glucose and prevent diabetes complications. However, there are many grand challenges for maintaining long-term graft function and insulin independence in diabetes patients.
The special issue will provide a forum for presenting current research works and clinical results showing advancement of cell-based therapy for diabetes, including auto-transplantation, all-transplantation, inflammatory reaction involved islet transplantation, islet macro and microencapsulation, stem cell therapy, as well as in vitro and in vivo imaging of the islets. The special issue will also be open to any author, but mainly invited by guest editor. Each submission will be reviewed by at least two reviewers to ensure a very high quality of papers selected for the Special Issue.
Islet transplantation is a promising technique for millions of patients with diabetes, but is severely limited by a shortage of cadaveric donor islets, and more so because of stringent inclusion criteria for organ donation including donor metabolic function, age, and comorbidities. The impact of the [...]
Background This presentation of a six-year study processing human islets for research and transplantation includes a review of multi-center transplant studies identifying key variables critical for successful islet processing and defines standardized processing procedures required to provide highly [...]
Islet transplantation is a minimally invasive cell based replacement therapy to prevent or reverse diabetes or hypoglycemia through natural hormonal responses to regulate blood glucose. However, extending the islet graft functional lifespan remains a challenge that prevents long-term success and wid [...]
The current predominant location for allo- and auto-transplantation of islet cells is into the liver via the portal venous system. Despite the relative success of this site over the last several decades, further study has revealed multiple disadvantages. Portal hypertension, portal vein thrombosis, [...]
Islet transplantation has proven to be a viable treatment for individuals suffering from both Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D) and chronic pancreatitis. However, a variety of challenges limit the effectiveness of this procedure by reducing the number of islets that survive the harvesting and transplan [...]
In this review, we discuss the application of microfluidic devices in studying the physiology and pathophysiology of human islets and beta-cells, especially its application for human islet transplantation. Human islet transplantation is a promising therapy for Type I diabetes; however, the islet tra [...]
Islet transplantation is becoming an established treatment option for managing a subset of adult patients who have type 1 diabetes mellitus. The success of this procedure is dependent upon the recovery of a sufficient number of functional human islets from donor organs for subsequent transplant. Her [...]
Human pancreatic islet transplantation is a minimally-invasive procedure that is gaining recognition for the treatment of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Selected patients with unstable T1D, hypoglycemia unawareness, history of severe hypoglycemia, and glycemic lability, not successfully stabilized with inte [...]
(1) Background: Transplantation of isolated islets is one of the most powerful approaches to cure insulin-dependent (type I) diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Currently, the most widely used transplantation strategy is percutaneous perfusion into the liver via the portal vein. However, this approach has sev [...]
Total pancreatectomy (TP) is increasingly being utilized for definitive treatment in patients with debilitating chronic pancreatitis (CP). In an effort to prevent surgical diabetes, the procedure can be performed in conjunction with transplantation of islets of Langerhans recovered from the patients [...]
Islet cell transplantation is a developing treatment for patients suffering from severe Type-1 diabetes. The long-term insulin independence after islet cell transplantation has been difficult to achieve, and this has been linked to several factors. One of the major cause of poor long-term outcome is [...]
Portal hypertension has not been described as a complication of total pancreatectomy-islet auto-transplantation (TPIAT). We describe the first reported case of delayed and clinically significant portal hypertension following TPIAT in a patient with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis.
Pancreas or islet transplantation is the only reliable cure for Type 1 Diabetes. However, shortage of donor tissue supply, longitudinal graft attrition due to innate and adaptive immunity and the recurrence of autoimmunity, as well as the harmful side-effects of chronic immunosuppressive therapy lim [...]
Allogeneic islet transplantation has been established to prevent severe hypoglycemia for unstable type 1 diabetic patients. Recent phase 3 clinical trial clearly demonstrated the benefit of allogeneic islet transplantation. Severe hypoglycemia is serious issue not only for type 1 diabetic patients b [...]