Table of Contents

Open Access

ISSN 2573-4393

OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine , Volume 4 , Issue 3 (2019)

Pages: 230

Published: October 2019

(This book is a printed edition that was published in OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine)

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Format: Soft Cover


Cover story: Physical and mental exercise combined with optimized nutrition, sleep, and stress management resulted in reduction of cognitive decline for five patients over age 55 with clinical cognitive impairment. fMRI analyses revealed changes in brain connectivity and overall efficiency while patients reported improved memory, mental clarity, and outlook on life. View this paper.

Volume 4,Issue 3

Open Access Comment

Clinical, Theoretical and Conceptual Issues in Chronic Pain and Their Application in a Hypnosis Practice

Received: 01 July 2019;  Published: 26 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903057


Hypnosis interventions consistently produce significant decreases in pain associated with a variety of chronic-pain problems (Elkins, Jensen & Patterson 2007) while neurophysiological studies have shown that specific hypnotic suggestions have clear effects on the brain and spinal cord functioning (Jensen & Patterson 2014; Flynn, 2019). Thus, it isuseful for clinicians who practise hypnotherapy to understand pain paradigms.

Open Access Original Research

Treatment of Chronic Post Surgical Pain Using Micro-current Point Stimulation Applied to C-Section Scars

Received: 25 March 2019;  Published: 25 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903056


Background: Direct Current (DC) microcurrent point stimulation (MPS) is increasingly recognized as a therapy for chronic pain and stress management. However, there remains limited evidence as to the therapeutic value in chronic of MPS chronic post surgical pain (CPSP) management related to C-Section scars. Objectives: We aimed to determine the effect and magnitude that MPS has when applied to C-section scars and its effects on a wide variety of non-specific chronic post surgical pain syndromes [...]

Open Access Perspective

Shedding Light on a New Psychology of Movement and Exercise

Received: 24 July 2019;  Published: 24 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903055


Let’s consider the issues of exercise and cognitive function from a different angle, by moving from sitting to standing for instance. Not only does seeing anything from different perspectives reflect our cognitive flexibility [1], it also has a direct impact on the executive performance. Interestingly, recent studies reported a smaller Stroop effect when standing than when sitting [2-3] or after stepping backward [4], evidencing that the body posture enhances selective attention and cognitive co [...]

Open Access Original Research

Feasibility of a Functional Medicine Approach to Slowing Clinical Cognitive Decline in Patients over Age 55: A Multiple Case Study Report

Received: 29 April 2019;  Published: 06 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903054


(1) Background: The current study examined a multifaceted anti-neuroinflammatory intervention that included physical exercise, mental exercise, grain-free/sugar-free diet, anti-inflammatory nutritional supplements, sleep optimization, and stress management within the context of a functional medicine practice for five patients with varying levels of cognitive impairment. (2) Methods: In a prospective chart review, we examined impact measures including assessment of cognitive skills, brain connect [...]

Open Access Original Research

Assessing the Pressure and Thermal Discomfort Thresholds for Designing of Therapeutic Gloves: A Pilot Study

Received: 25 February 2019;  Published: 02 September 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903053


Background: Pressure and thermal therapy glove are the two types of therapeutic gloves that are commonly used to relieve symptoms and improve hand function in patients with hand arthritis. However, no published clinical studies exist indicating the ideal pressure and thermal stimuli for the gloves. Understanding user thresholds towards pressure and thermal stimuli is crucial to improve therapeutic outcomes, wearer comfort, and adherence to therapy. The aim of this pilot study is twofold, firstl [...]

Open Access Review

Does a Single Bout of Aerobic Exercise Improve Set Shifting in Healthy Young Adults? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Received: 24 April 2019;  Published: 28 August 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903052


This systematic review investigated whether acute aerobic exercise improves following set-shifting performance in healthy young individuals using meta-analytic techniques. Moreover, it was examined if the after-effect of acute aerobic exercise on set-shifting performance in healthy young adults is moderated by the methodological quality of studies and what role small-study effect plays. Studies were identified using electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus as well as references of [...]

Open Access Review

A Review on Acupuncture as a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)

Received: 07 June 2019;  Published: 20 August 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903051


The incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is increasing due to more mothers using illicit drugs. This results in an increase in costs and resources for the healthcare system. Newborns with NAS might experience withdrawal symptoms that can cause pain, distress, and may potentially increase the risk of future health complications. It is therefore important to find effective treatments that can alleviate NAS. Various non-pharmacological treatments are used in conjunction with pharmacologi [...]

Open Access Short Report

Walk with Me

Received: 14 May 2019;  Published: 07 August 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903050


The author writes a genuine story using a narrative medicine writing style [1]. She relates how she applied mindfulness awareness and meditation practices to accompany her best friend, Abigail* , who struggled through stages 3 and 4 breast cancer, including its noxious treatments and upsetting side effects. Clinical practice can be enhanced with narrative competence in that it helps the author recognize, interpret and be touched by patients’ stories, including all aspects of illness experiences. [...]

Open Access Review

A Review of Factors Affecting the Acute Exercise-Cognition Relationship in Children and Adolescents

Received: 29 April 2019;  Published: 02 August 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903049


It is well documented that an acute bout of exercise has a positive effect on subsequent cognitive function in young people. However, the moderating variables (such as the exercise intensity, duration and modality; and the domain of cognitive function assessed) and mediating variables (such as the participant’s age, baseline physical activity, physical fitness, cognitive abilities and weight status) that affect this relationship are poorly understood. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to [...]

Open Access Comment

Compassion in a Doctor-Patient Relationship: Objectively Measuring Compassionate Behavior Using the Emotional Availability (EA) Scales

Received: 13 March 2019;  Published: 25 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903048


Most research on compassion utilizes self-report measures (Seppala, Simon-Thomas, Brown, Worline, Cameron, & Doty, in press). Indeed, when it comes to the measurement of self-compassion, the subjective report of the individual can provide an authentic window about compassion toward the self. How else can we understand another’s subjective feelings and experience about the suffering or concerns of another? Compassionate behavior toward another person, on the other hand, can and should be me [...]

Open Access Opinion

How to Heal the Healer: Combating Burnout Using Compassion and Mindfulness-Based Interventions

Received: 13 June 2019;  Published: 24 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903047


We explore how medical culture contributes to burnout. Highlighting specific programs aimed at developing compassion and mindfulness skills, we share our own perspectives and experiences implementing similarly focused programs. Promising results on the application of compassion-based programs show evidence of improvements to a number of measures of trainee wellbeing, particularly among the most vulnerable trainees, while results pertaining to mindfulness programs show improvements to performance [...]

Open Access Communication

Photobiomodulation Therapy (PBMT) as a Complementary Medicine for Women to Adjust Their Autonomic Nervous Systems and Induce Specific Brain Waves - A Case Report

Received: 04 March 2019;  Published: 15 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903046


Sleep is very important to maintain the health of physiology and psychology, especially for women. Many studies proved the symptoms of sleep disturbance can cause inflammation, coagulation, insulin resistance and psychosocial distress in women than in men. A lot of medications were used to treat sleep disorders; they can cause different adverse effects. LLLT has been proved a safe and easy-to-use therapy. We proposed two methods to affect the autonomic nervous system and brain wave with single l [...]

Open Access Review

Breath Practices for Survivor and Caregiver Stress, Depression, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Connection, Co-regulation, Compassion

Received: 10 April 2019;  Published: 12 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903045


Does compassion itself benefit the healing process or does the activation of neurophysiological processes, from which the experience of compassion arises, trigger a cascade of physical and psychological changes that support health and well-being? Exploration of the neurological substrates of compassion reveals multiple healing pathways that can be activated by mind-body processes. Furthermore, these pathways affect physical health, emotion regulation, and how we perceive and relate to other peop [...]

Open Access Commentary

Compassion in Medical Practice

Received: 25 April 2019;  Published: 08 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903044


Compassion and kindness can be cultivated and enhanced. Over the years in medical practice I have witnessed many healthcare workers, after having worked with kind and caring practitioners, become progressively more humane. Those of us who are teachers need to be mindful of that. In educating new physicians, compassion should play a central role and we as practicing doctors are well placed to model a caring and empathetic approach to our patients. There is also a fundamental need to look afte [...]

Open Access Review

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Usage in Breast Cancer

Received: 27 February 2019;  Published: 05 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903043


(1) Background: Especially women with breast cancer look for offers from complementary and alternative medicine for various reasons. Unfortunately, the value of most offer has to be considered unclear. (2) Methods: This review was to identify reasonable strategies for patients with breast cancer based on current literature. (3) Results: The analyses show that there is no evidence that there are methods from alternative medicine which might result in a cure. However, there are several strategies [...]

Open Access Original Research

Effect of Acute Moderate-Intensity Exercise on Autobiographical Episodic Memory and Semantic Memory

Received: 27 April 2019;  Published: 04 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903042


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute moderate-intensity exercise on autobiographical episodic memory and semantic memory. A two-arm, parallel-group randomized controlled intervention was employed. The experimental group engaged in an acute bout of treadmill exercise for 15 minutes (70% of heart rate max), while the control group will engage in a seated activity. For episodic autobiographical memory, participants recalled as many personal memories of events from two pe [...]

Open Access Original Research

Assessing the Impact of a Game-Centered Mobile App on Community-Dwelling Older Adults’ Health Activation

Received: 11 April 2019;  Published: 04 July 2019;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.1903041


Background: Older adults’ experience normative age-graded declines in physical and cognitive performance and many must manage one or more chronic conditions. Exercise programs can help to improve both their physical health and their knowledge, skill, and confidence in managing aspects of their own healthcare, yet a significant barrier is motivating them to adhere to such programs. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of a game-centered mobile app (Bingocize®) on older adu [...]