Table of Contents

Open Access

ISSN 2573-4393

OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine , Volume 5 , Issue 2 (2020)

Pages: 206

Published: August 2020

(This book is a printed edition that was published in OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine)

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Cover story: Positive suggestions during hypnosis can reduce anxiety and stress in extreme situations. Barbara Schmidt, Teresa Deffner and Jenny Rosendahl present the design of a pilot study where intensive care patients are suggested to feel safe and to accept non-invasive ventilation better. The effects are measured by psychological and physiological parameters of well-being. View this paper.

Volume 5,Issue 2

Open Access Review

Thinking outside the Box: Could there be a Plant-Based Treatment for Coronavirus Infections? A Review of the Literature

Received: 02 April 2020;  Published: 18 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002031


The novel coronavirus COVID-19 is a viral pathogen that first emerged in Wuhan, China in 2002 and has spread to 202 countries (as of March 28, 2020) [1]. Despite the fact that the 2005 SARS-CoV pandemic infected over 8,500 people, and caused over 800 deaths with billions of dollars in economic loss worldwide, as of 2015 there were still no clinically approved antiviral drugs, vaccines or monoclonal antibody therapies to treat SARS-CoV infections [2]. Antiviral medications that have been used to [...]

Open Access Technical Note

Efficacy of LED Infrared Warming in the Periphery of the Human Body – First Investigations in a Subject using Thermography

Received: 15 April 2020;  Published: 11 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002030


In this technical report, we present for the first time a newly developed multimodal light-emitting diode (LED) pad for photobiomodulation (PBM). In order to demonstrate the range of possibilities for its application, we carried out a comparison of measurements with and without infrared (IR) LEDs in a volunteer, and are presenting the results. The pad consists of several components, which are mainly composed of LEDs of different modalities (IR, red, yellow, and blue). This multicolor system was [...]

Open Access Original Research

Hypnotic Responsiveness and Dissociation: A Multi-Variable Analysis

Received: 18 February 2020;  Published: 11 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002029


Since Charcot [1], researchers and theorists have associated hypnotic responsiveness with dissociation. However, contemporary researchers have typically not documented impressive or statistically significant correlations between the most commonly used measure of dissociation, the Dissociative Experiences Scale-II [2, 3] and hypnotic responsiveness. We examined the ability of two measures of non-pathological dissociation, which have received scant attention in the hypnosis literature, the Wessex [...]

Open Access Review

Recent Insight on How the Neuroscientific Approach Helps Clinicians

Received: 14 February 2020;  Published: 09 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002028


Hypnosis is a modified state of consciousness widely used to decrease pain perception in research protocols and clinical practice. In recent decades, hypnosis has been increasingly proposed to patients to re-engage their resources and capacities to modulate pain and emotional distress and to improve their treatment and recovery of well-being. Neuroimaging research helps clinicians to understand better how hypnosis works in terms of brain modulation. Hypnotic suggestions dramatically influence th [...]

Open Access Correction

Correction: Watts L, et al. Stakeholder Perceptions of Dignity Therapy for Children and Young People with Life-Limiting and Life-Threatening Conditions in the UK. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine 2020; 5: 19

Received: 08 May 2020;  Published: 08 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002027

Open Access Editorial

Can Laser Medicine and Laser Acupuncture be used for COVID-19? Selected Areas of the Current Scientific Literature

Received: 03 May 2020;  Published: 07 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002026


The present moment lacks any reliable vaccine or treatment for the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the resultant disease COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease-2019). Laser medicine like photobiomodulation (PBM) or photodynamic therapy (PDT), and laser acupuncture may possess some potential to interact and relieve the symptoms of this disease. PubMed lists only two results for the search term ‘PBM or PDT and COVID-19’, indicating the paucity of validated scientific clinical studies on the subject. On the contrary, [...]

Open Access Project Report

Feeling Safe during Intensive Care: Protocol of a Pilot Study on Therapeutic Suggestions of Safety under Hypnosis in Patients with Non-Invasive Ventilation

Received: 11 December 2019;  Published: 28 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002025


Patients in the intensive care unit are confronted with an extreme situation that may cause stress and anxiety. The negative experiences may cause patients to suffer for the long-term after leaving the intensive care unit. One such stressor in the intensive care unit is non-invasive ventilation. Positive therapeutic suggestions under hypnosis can help patients in intensive care to enhance their well-being by helping them to deal with specific stress like being ventilated. The aim of our study is [...]

Open Access Review

Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in Alleviating Palliative Symptoms and Its Possible Side Effects: A Literature Review

Received: 09 March 2020;  Published: 28 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002024


Palliative care is a steadily growing component of medicine that focuses on treating individuals with life-limiting diseases such as cancer. It aims at improving the quality of life and alleviating cancer-related symptoms, including anxiety, pain, dyspnea, cough, nausea/vomiting, and constipation, which could result in significant physical and mental impairment. Integrative palliative care (IPC), as a subspecialty of palliative care, includes complementary approaches to treat patients holistical [...]

Open Access Review

Neural Mechanisms of Hypnotic Analgesia

Received: 18 February 2020;  Published: 24 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002023


There is increasing evidence demonstrating that hypnosis could be effective in the down-modulation of pain sensation in both acute and chronic pain states. In the neurophysiological context, recent evidence has deciphered, to a certain extent, the mystery of pain relief upon hypnosis. It is probable that hypnotic suggestions of analgesia are able to modulate pain processing at multiple levels and sites within the central nervous system (CNS). At the peripheral level, hypnosis may modulate the no [...]

Open Access Original Research

Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Circulating Cytokine Levels in Individuals with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study

Received: 23 November 2019;  Published: 17 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002022


Peripheral inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dysregulations in circulating levels of different inflammatory mediators are detectable as early as the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) stage towards AD. Depressive symptoms, another risk factor of AD, are often found in individuals with MCI and associated with heightened levels of peripheral inflammatory mediators. Diminution in depressive symptoms and alterations of peripheral inflammation pr [...]

Open Access Case Report

Tongue Acupuncture as an Alternative Method for Treating Rosacea–A Case Report

Received: 29 December 2019;  Published: 15 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002021


Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin characterized by facial papules, pustules, erythema, and telangiectasia. Emotional factors such as stress and anxiety may induce and aggravate the symptoms of rosacea. It is hypothesized that tongue acupuncture, a technique that has been used successfully in the treatment of various neurological and psychiatric diseases, could be beneficial in relieving rosacea symptoms. This study evaluated the immediate effect of tongue acupuncture at speci [...]

Open Access Editorial

Effects of Exercise on Cognition across the Lifespan

Received: 12 April 2020;  Published: 15 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002020

Open Access Original Research

States of Consciousness, the qEEG, and Noetic Snapshots of the Brain/Mind Interface: A Case Study of Hypnosis and Sidhi Meditation

Received: 20 January 2020;  Published: 13 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002019


Noetic analysis is a methodology to quantify the mind during hypnosis, meditation, or other stimulus conditions/states of consciousness in a reliable and valid manner. The methodology uses retrospective phenomenological assessment (RPA) to comprehensively assess subjective experience. By having the participant complete a first person, self-report questionnaire, the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI), in reference to a short stimulus condition, the researcher can generate a “snapshot” [...]

Open Access Correction

Correction: Cabo F, et al. Similarities and Differences in East Asian Massage and Bodywork Therapies: A Critical Review. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine 2020; 5: 17

Received: 01 April 2020;  Published: 02 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002018

Open Access Research Article

Electrodermal Correlates of Hypnosis: Current Developments

Received: 07 February 2020;  Published: 01 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.icm.2002017


Hypnosis has proven to be an effective treatment in disorders that affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). However, the studies investigating the nature of its effect on the ANS have reported contradictory results. Measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) is an objective way to assess the activity of the sympathetic branch of the ANS. We aim to elucidate the effects of hypnosis on EDA. Here, we report the results of two studies, both investigating the psychophysiological effect [...]