Table of Contents

Open Access

ISSN 2638-1311

OBM Geriatrics , Volume 8 , Issue 1 (2024)

Pages: 158

Published: April 2024

(This book is a printed edition that was published in OBM Geriatrics)

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Cover story: We surveyed the opinions, attitudes, and feelings of older adults towards Covid-19 and found that they displayed significant resilience and adaptability with reduced emotions of fear, distrust, and anxiety during the pandemic. In spite of potential increased resilience, older adults remain vulnerable and require a strong network of support systems.View this paper.

Volume 8,Issue 1

Open Access Research Article

What Do We Know about an Invisible Issue? Results of a Scoping Review of Elder Abuse and Gender and Sexual Minorities

Received: 04 January 2024;  Published: 18 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401274


Elder abuse occurs to older adults who are members of gender and sexual minorities (GSM). Whilst most of that abuse is similar to that experienced by their heterosexual and cisgender peers GSM older adults face particular vulnerabilities due to their life experiences and changes. In this article we report on our findings from a literature search and knowledge synthesis, conducted as part of a larger project to inform Canadian policy makers working to eliminate gender and sexuality-based inequali [...]

Open Access Review

Impact of Sex and Gender Differences on Heart Failure, Especially in Elderly Patients

Received: 27 December 2023;  Published: 11 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401273


Heart failure is one of the major health threats in Western societies, and its prevalence is steadily increasing. Many data show the important impact of sex (biological) and gender (sociocultural) differences on most aspects (diagnosis, etiology, treatments, and outcomes) of heart failure. For example, compared to men, women with heart failure are older, have more co-morbidities, and develop different phenotypes of heart failure. Postpartum cardiopathy is unique in women. The iatrogenic effects [...]

Open Access Research Article

Resilience and Adaptability of Older Adults: Findings from the COVID-19 Impact Survey

Received: 08 January 2024;  Published: 06 March 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401272


The COVID-19 pandemic caused abrupt changes in daily routines, social connections, and ways of life. It is yet unknown the full impacts these extended changes have had on the long-term mental well-being of those who shared this global experience. As a contribution to our overall understanding of this phenomena, this study explored the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental well-being of older adults in the Southern United States. Secondary data analyses were performed using the COVID-19 [...]

Open Access Review

Trajectories and Status of Transgender Elderly Across the World and in Spain: A Narrative Review

Received: 06 November 2023;  Published: 27 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401271


Older trans people have been largely unaddressed both in the context of the LGBTIQ+ community and in studies on geriatrics and aging. This literature review compiles up-to-date information on transgender elders, providing a summary of the Spanish historical context in which trans people have been raised, and analyzes the areas in which to center possible courses of action and research on a global scale. The themes tackled are the presence of victimization and violence; the effects of medical tra [...]

Open Access Commentary

Older LGBTQ People and Religious Abuse: Implications for the UK Regulation of Care Provision in Later Life

Received: 16 October 2023;  Published: 21 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401270


Research suggests health, social care, and social work professionals who are highly religious, and adhere closely to traditional doctrine, are more likely to take a negative view of LGBTQ people. This includes those who provide services to older people. Negative attitudes towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and/or queer (LGBTQ) people can translate into poor care and even abuse. This commentary discusses recent literature on older LGBTQ people’s experiences of religious abuse. It h [...]

Open Access Short Communication

Good or Great: Which One Are You?

Received: 17 December 2023;  Published: 19 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401269


Clinicians caring for patients, especially those with chronic diseases or older adults, need to recognize the value of being able to transition away from aggressive care when appropriate and focus on a more palliative approach. Research has shown that patients want to have goals of care discussions and maintain autonomy at the end of life. These goals of care discussions can be challenging, and clinicians must prioritize and develop this skill in order to provide their patients with [...]

Open Access Short Communication

Mental Health among the Elderly in Nepal: Special Emphasis on Depression

Received: 21 December 2023;  Published: 08 February 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401268


This paper discusses the impact of Depression on the aging population. It also tries to explore the psychosocial risk factors and burden associated with geriatric depression in low-and-middle-income (LAMI) countries. Nepal, a South Asian developing country, is resource-poor and research-naïve. Research, in general, and mental health studies, in particular, are the least prioritized in this country. The lack of culturally adapted psychiatric inventories is one of the possible reasons for the low [...]

Open Access Research Article

The Indigo Project: Participatory Action Research with Gender and Sexual Minority Survivors of Elder Abuse

Received: 27 November 2023;  Published: 31 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401267


Though research suggests that older adults belonging to gender and sexual minorities (GSM) are at greater risk of abuse and neglect, more needs to be done to investigate this situation, provide solid data, offer support to survivors and better inform those providing services. This article reports on a participatory action research project in which nine older adults with lived experience of abuse were interviewed, as were the seniors’ programmer from our community partner organization and a traum [...]

Open Access Concept Paper

Using Elder Abuse Case Studies to Develop LGBTQ+ Cultural Competency

Received: 16 July 2023;  Published: 15 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401266


Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) elders are vulnerable to both the “usual” types of elder abuse (physical, sexual, emotional, and financial abuse, along with neglect), and with abuse that is specific to the context and history of LGBTQ+ elders. Training for adult protective services, long-term care ombudsmen, and other professionals who work with abused elders therefore should include information and skill-building in responding to this population. Research into effective [...]

Open Access Editorial

Acknowledgement to Reviewers of OBM Geriatrics in 2023

Received: 03 January 2024;  Published: 04 January 2024;  doi: 10.21926/obm.geriatr.2401265


The editors of OBM Geriatrics would like to express their sincere gratitude to the following reviewers for assessing manuscripts in 2023. We greatly appreciate the contribution of expert reviewers, which is crucial to the journal’s editorial process. We aim to recognize reviewer contributions through several mechanisms, of which the annual publication of reviewer names is one. Reviewers receive a voucher entitling them to a discount on their next LIDSEN publicati [...]