Osamu Yokosuka is an Emeritus Professor of Chiba University, Japan. He graduated from Chiba University School of Medicine in 1975 then worked as a trainee under Professor K. Okuda in Chiba University Hospital till 1978. Dr. Yokosuka was a research fellow worked under Professor S. Scherlock and Professor B. H. Billing in Royal Free Hospital, London, UK from 1978 to 1980; under Professor M. Omata in Chiba University from 1980 to 1985; and under Dr. J Summers in Fox Chase Cancer Center, PA, USA in 1984. In 1985, he received a Degree of Doctor of Medical Science, and served as an Assistant Professor in Chiba University till 1994, then as Lecturer in Medicine till 2006 when he was appointed as Director and Professor of Medicine. From 2013 to 2015, he served as the Dean of Chiba University School of Medicine.
Dr. Yokosuka was the Secretary General of APASL (2008-2014). In 2016, he was elected as the President of APASL Tokyo, the President of 52nd Annual Meeting of Japan Society of Hepatology, and the President of Funabashi Central Hospital. Dr. Yokosuka’s research mainly focuses on Hepatitis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma. So far, he has published more than 700 original papers.
Tatsuo Kanda received a medical degree in 1991 at Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan, and his PhD in 1999 at Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. He had post-doctor training for 3 years under Prof. Ratna Ray and Prof. Ranjit Ray at Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA. In Dec. 2008, Tatsuo Kanda became a Tenure-track Associate Professor at Department of Medicine and Clinical Oncology, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. In Feb. 2013, Tatsuo Kanda was nominated a permanent Associate Professor at Department of Gastroenterology and Nephrology, Chiba University, Graduate School of Medicine, Japan. In 2017, Tatsuo Kanda became an Associate Professor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine. For ~25 years, he has focused his scientific interests on the topics related to liver diseases including acute liver failure, viral hepatitis and autoimmune liver diseases, and worked with Prof. Osamu Yokosuka. Tatsuo Kanda is also an expert for hepatitis A virus (HAV), HBV and HCV, and translation and replication of these viruses, and hepatocarcinogenesis. With his expertise in antiviral therapies and hepatitis virus research, Tatsuo Kanda also sees a lot of patients in clinical daily practice. Tatsuo Kanda has published more than 200 articles in peer-reviewed Journal.
Genetic Heterogeneity in Cancer
Submission Deadline: November 30, 2018 (Open) Submit Now
Kakoli Das, PhD
About This Topic
Genetic heterogeneity in cancer is defined as the occurrence of genetic variation between tumors (inter tumor) and/or within individual tumors (intra tumor) partly due to genomic instability. The genomic instability may arise due to increased mutation rates, chromosomal instability, and microsatellite instability, exposure to mutagens such as smoking, UV rays and radiation. Each of these causes may have a significant impact on cancer genomes resulting in diversity within a tumor that may lead to different clinical outcomes and response to therapies. Recent cancer genomic studies, based on approaches such as multi-region profiling or ultra-deep sequencing have revealed varying degrees of genetic heterogeneity in different tumor types.Understanding tumor heterogeneity has been highlighted as a critical area for translational cancer research.
In this special issue of OBM Genetics, we have chosen topics that highlight the causes and implications of genetic heterogeneity in cancer of different types, methods to identify genetic heterogeneity in cancer, tackling genetic heterogeneity and suggest treatment strategies. Overall, this issue provides a complete understanding of the genetic heterogeneity driven by genomic instability, ways to limit genetic heterogeneity and tackle drug resistance in cancer.
Title: RNA editors and DNA mutators: cancer heterogeneity through sequence diversification