Table of Contents

Volume 4,Issue 2

Open Access Original Research

Prevalence of Chronic Constipation and Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and their Overlap, among Female Undergraduate Students in Japan

Received: 10 April 2020;  Published: 19 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.hg.2002048

Abstract

Chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are two of the most common functional gastrointestinal disorders, both of which negatively affect the quality of life of the patients. Since people may have co-existing symptoms of multiple disorders, chronic constipation and IBS with predomina [...]

Open Access Original Research

Association between Sleep Deprivation and Metformin Treatment on Pancreatic and Liver Function in Mice

Received: 10 March 2020;  Published: 18 May 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.hg.2002047

Abstract

Metformin has been widely used as a therapeutic drug for hyperglycemia and diabetes. Sleep is a vital and restorative process that is necessary for the proper functioning of organs. Sleep deprivation can induce multi-organ injury, including damage to the pancreas and liver that may result in hypergl [...]

Open Access Review

Can HCV Viremic Organs Be Used in Liver Transplantation to HCV Negative Recipients?

Received: 02 February 2020;  Published: 24 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.hg.2002046

Abstract

Liver transplantation has steadily increased worldwide resulting in a large number of patients on the waiting list. Due to the opioid epidemic in the US, the pool of Hepatitis C seropositive donors increased significantly in recent years. Direct acting antivirals played an instrumental role in makin [...]

Open Access Review

Low Prevalence of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Ambulatory Asymptomatic Cirrhotic Patients: Consequences in Patients’ Care

Received: 21 August 2019;  Published: 15 April 2020;  doi: 10.21926/obm.hg.2002045

Abstract

The literature on the prevalence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic outpatients who visited the hospital for therapeutic abdominal paracentesis was reviewed in order to assess the usefulness of urinary strips in this setting. The authors reviewed the studies published as peer-re [...]

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