Table of Content

Open Access Review

Neurological Manifestations of Celiac Disease and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity and the Effect of a Gluten Free Diet

Jamie Zhen, M. Ines Pinto-Sanchez
Received: May 17, 2020; Published: July 10, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2003065

Abstract: Celiac disease (CeD) is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten ingestion and affects nearly 1% of the population worldwide. CeD has typically been associated with gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain; however, its extra-intestinal manifestations are becoming wide [...]

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Open Access Case Report

Prone Anesthesia for a Super-Super Morbidly Obese Patient Undergoing Neurosurgery: A Case Report

Ian W. Stone, Ashim Gupta, Hugo C. Rodriguez, R. Justin Mistovich, Manu Gupta, Anish G. Potty, Jorge R. Serrato
Received: May 03, 2020; Published: June 24, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002064

Abstract: Obesity is on the rise around the world, carrying along with it a wide range of comorbidities and complications. We report on a super-super morbidly obese 43-year-old female, with a body mass index (BMI) of 77.85 kg/m2 (173cm, 233kg), who presented for a scheduled suboccipital craniectomy with C-1 l [...]

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Open Access Review

Synaptic Plasticity and Learning Processes: A Neuroeducation Perspective

Debora Di Jorio
Received: April 14, 2020; Published: June 22, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002063

Abstract: The story of each individual is essentially the story of theirlearning processes and relationships from the moment they were born. Indeed, the story of learning processes is merely a constant stratification of experiences based on biological and neurofunctional features that are influenced by geneti [...]

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Open Access Review

Neuroprotective Strategies in Glaucoma - Translation to Clinical Trials

Clarissa E. H. Fang, Li Guo, Daniel Hill, Timothy E. Yap, M. Francesca Cordeiro
Received: April 16, 2020; Published: June 15, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002062

Abstract: Neuroprotection in glaucoma is any medical treatment by which decline in visual function can be slowed or prevented by supporting the health and survival of neural cells, independent of lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP). This is achieved by targeting mechanisms to inhibit or delay retinal gangl [...]

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Open Access Research Article

Non-linear Dynamics and Chaotic Trajectories in Brain-Mind Visual Experiences during Dreams, Meditation, and Non-Ordinary Brain Activity States

Tania Re, Giuseppe Vitiello
Received: April 30, 2020; Published: June 11, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002061

Abstract: The present report discusses brain visual experiences in conditions of low degree of openness of the brain toward the environment, for example, while dreaming, during meditation, or in non-ordinary brain activity states such as under the effects of psychoactive substances, in the state of coma, or i [...]

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Open Access Original Research

Increased Diurnal Salivary Cortisol and Morning Serum Triglycerides and Decreased Apo A1 Concentrations in Children and Adolescents with Clinical Depression

Ioannis Syros, Panagiota Pervanidou, Charis liapi, Filia Apostolakou, George P Chrousos, Gerasimos Kolaitis
Received: March 01, 2020; Published: June 11, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002060

Abstract: Data available on possible associations of lipids, steroid levels, and depression are conflicting. This study investigated their possible associations in a sample of youth with depression. Ninety-eight youth with depression and individually matched healthy volunteers on the basis of age and sex were [...]

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Open Access Original Research

Dynamic Functional Connectivity Fading Analysis and Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal Control Subjects based on Resting-State fMRI Data

Yuan Liang, Yu Zheng, Brighty Renli, David C. Zhu, Fang Yu, Tongtong Li
Received: September 29, 2019; Published: June 01, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002059

Abstract: In this paper, motivated by the fading effect in wireless communications, where severe channel fading is related to information loss during the transmission, we evaluate and analyze the fading effect in time-varying functional connectivity of AD, MCI and NC subjects based on the resting-state fMRI d [...]

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Open Access Review

Insights into Brain Signal Transduction can Provide Potential Molecular Targets to Approach and Manage Alzheimer’s Disease

Vincenza Rita Lo Vasco
Received: October 01, 2019; Published: May 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002058

Abstract: Mechanisms leading to neuronal cell death in human pathology are far from being fully delineated. Understanding the molecules involved in neuronal death and the timing of their recruitment might help to explain the natural history of degenerative processes, including the morphological abnormalities [...]

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Open Access Review

Neuroplasticity and Central Sensitization in Orofacial Pain and TMD

Helena M. Minyé
Received: February 06, 2020; Published: May 18, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002057

Abstract: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular conditions that involve the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the masticatory muscles, and branches of the trigeminal nerve. TMD is the most common chronic oral facial pain disorder. Pain associated with TMD can be clini [...]

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Open Access Review

From Light to Sound: Photoacoustic and Ultrasound Imaging in Fundamental Research of Alzheimer’s Disease

Yuqi Tang, Xuejun Qian, Darrin J. Lee, Qifa Zhou, Junjie Yao
Received: October 24, 2019; Published: April 30, 2020; doi:10.21926/obm.neurobiol.2002056

Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) causes severe cognitive dysfunction and has long been studied for the underlining physiological and pathological mechanisms. Several biomedical imaging modalities have been applied, including MRI, PET, and high-resolution optical microscopy, for research purposes. However, t [...]

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